Table 1: Demographic characteristics of the randomized patient population .

Overall Herbal group Control group value

Age, years, mean (SD) 0.1
Sex (%)
 Female32 (53%)13 (50%)19 (56%)0.7
 Male28 (47%)13 (50%)15 (44%)
Residence,
 Urban42 (70%)19 (73%)23 (68%)0.7
 Rural18 (30%)7 (27%)11 (32%)
Days of illness prior to inclusion,
 One day10 (17%)4 (15%)6 (17%)0.9
 Two days22 (37%)10 (39%)12 (35%)
 More than two days28 (47%)12 (46%)16 (47%)
Fever 37.5°C prior to inclusion, %
 Yes14 (23%)6 (23%)8 (24%)1.0
 No46 (77%)20 (77%)26 (76%)
Recurrent tonsillitis, %
 Yes4 (7%)3 (12%)1 (3%)0.3
 No56 (93%)23 (88%)33 (97%)
Current smoker, %
 Yes12 (20%)2 (8%)10 (29%)0.05
 No48 (80%)24 (92%)24 (71%)
Baseline assessment of the most debilitating sympto
Cough/Hoarseness mean (SD)
 Score 17 (12%)3 (11%)4 (12%)0.3
 Score 229 (48%)10 (39%)19 (56%)
 Score 324 (40%)13 (50%)11 (32%)

-test isher's exact test he most severe of the following symptoms: sore throat, hoarseness, or cough.