Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Comparative Randomised Controlled Trial of the Effects of Brain Wave Vibration Training, Iyengar Yoga, and Mindfulness on Mood, Well-Being, and Salivary Cortisol

Table 1

Means (SD)* of total dass, depression, anxiety, and stress**.

Total DASSDepressionAnxietyStress
PrePostPrePostPrePostPrePost

BWV14.99.35.42.82.51.97.04.6
(8.3)*(8.6)(4.1)(3.3)(1.6)(2.9)(4.4)(3)
Iyengar18.712.25.43.64.32.48.96.2
(7.6)(6.5)(2.7)(2.7)(2.6)(1.6)(3.7)(4.1)
Mindfulness13.610.12.92.62.53.17.64.4
(5.6)(8.3)(1.9)(2.7)(2.4)(3.8)(3.1)(2.5)
Sample total15.610.44.62.93.02.57.75.0
(7.4)(7.8)(3.3)(2.9)(2.3)(2.9)(3.8)(3.2)

* Standard deviations are shown in parentheses. **A lower score indicates better mood.