Table 3: (a) Phytochemical screening of various parts of M. malabathricum. (b) Chemical constituents of M. malabathricum according to its part and types of extract used.
(a)

Class of compoundsPresence (+) or absence (−)Plant partReference(s)

Flavonoids+LeavesZakaria et al. [30]; Simanjuntak [57]
AerialLohézic-Le Dévéhat et al. [32]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

Flavan-3-ols+AerialDinda and Saha [47];
Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]

Triterpenes+LeavesZakaria et al. [30]; Simanjuntak [57]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

Tannins+LeavesZakaria et al. [30]; Simanjuntak [57]
+AerialLohézic-Le Dévéhat et al. [32]; Dinda and Saha [47]; Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

Anthocyanins+AerialDinda and Saha [47]; Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]

Saponins+LeavesZakaria et al. [30]; Simanjuntak [57]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

AlkaloidsLeavesZakaria et al. [30]

Steroids+LeavesZakaria et al. [30]; Simanjuntak [57]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

Glycosides+LeavesSimanjuntak [57]
+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

Phenolics+Leaves and rootsFaravani [58]

(b)

Name of compoundStructurePlant partTypes of extractReference

Ellagic acidA258434.table3b.001 Barks Methanol extract Lowry [41]
Flowers Ethyl acetate-soluble part of a 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]

Cyanidin-3-glucosideA258434.table3b.002 Fruits Water extract Lowry [41]
Cyanidin-3,5-diglucosideB258434.table3b.003

Malvidin-3,5-diglucosideA258434.table3b.004FlowerAqueous extractLowry [42] 

β-SitosterolA258434.table3b.005RootsEthanol extract Manzoor-I-Khuda et al. [43]
Aerials Hexane part of the methanolic extractPongprom et al. [50]
Leaves (hexane fraction of methanolic extract)Nurestri et al. [51]
Leaves90% aqueous methanolic extractAli et al. [52]





β-Sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosideE
258434.table3b.006Leaves Hexane fraction of methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Leaves 90% aqueous methanolic extractsAli et al. [52]

Ursolic acidA258434.table3b.007 Leaves and flowers Methanol extractDas and Kotoky [46]
Aerials Hexane part of the methanolic extract Pongprom et al. [50]
Leaves Methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Leaves 90% aqueous methanolic extractAli et al. [52]
Leaves Methanol extractFaravani [58]

2-Hydroxyursolic acidA258434.table3b.008 Leaves Methanolic extract)Nurestri et al. [51]
Leaves 90% aqueous methanolic extract Ali et al. [52]

Asiatic acidA258434.table3b.009 LeavesMethanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Leaves 90% aqueous methanolic extract Ali et al. [52]

Stearic acidA258434.table3b.0010AerialsHexane part of the methanolic extractPongprom et al. [50]

p-Hydroxybenzoic acidA258434.table3b.0011Leaves and flowersMethanol extractDas and Kotoky [46]

Gallic acidA258434.table3b.0012 Leaves and flowers Methanol extract Das and Kotoky [46]
Leaves and flowers Methanol extract Faravani [58]

KaempferolA258434.table3b.0013 Leaves and flowers Methanol extract Das and Kotoky [46]
FlowersEthyl acetate soluble part of a 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]
Leavesn-Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extractsKoay [23]

Kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucosideA258434.table3b.0014 Flowers Ethyl acetate extract Koay [23]
Flowers Methanol extract Koay [23]

Kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosideA258434.table3b.0015FlowersEthyl acetate-soluble part of an 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]

Kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosideA258434.table3b.0016FlowersEthyl acetate soluble part of an 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]





Kaempferol-3-O-(2′′,6′′-di-O-p-trans-coumaroyl)-β-glucosideC
258434.table3b.0017 Flowers Methanol extract Koay [23]
Leaves Methanol extractSusanti et al. [56]

1,4,6-Tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucoside258434.table3b.0018Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

1,2,4,6-Tetra-O-galloyl-β-D-glucoside258434.table3b.0019Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Malabathrin BD258434.table3b.0020Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Malabathrin CD258434.table3b.0021Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Malabathrin DD258434.table3b.0022Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

StrictininA258434.table3b.0023Leaves70% acetone eractYoshida et al. [48]

CasuarictinA258434.table3b.0024Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

PedunculaginA258434.table3b.0025Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Pterocarinin CD258434.table3b.0026Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Nobotanin BA258434.table3b.0027Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Nobotanin DD258434.table3b.0028Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Nobotanins GD258434.table3b.0029Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Nobotanins HD258434.table3b.0030Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Nobotanin JD258434.table3b.0031Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Malabathrins AE258434.table3b.0032Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Malabathrin ED258434.table3b.0033Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Malabathrins FD258434.table3b.0034Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

CasuarininA258434.table3b.0035Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

(-)-Epicatechin gallateA258434.table3b.0036Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

(-)-EpicatechinA258434.table3b.0037Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

StachyurinA258434.table3b.0038Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Procyanidin B5A258434.table3b.0039Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Procyanidin B2A258434.table3b.0040Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Stenophyllanin AC258434.table3b.0041Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Stenophyllanin BD258434.table3b.0042Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Alienanin BE258434.table3b.0043Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

Brevifolincarboxylic acidE258434.table3b.0044Leaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [49]

α-AmyrinA258434.table3b.0045LeavesHexane fraction of methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Stemsn-Hexane extractKoay [23]
Leaves n-Hexane extract Susanti et al. [56]

UvaolA258434.table3b.0046Leavesn-Hexane fraction of methanolic extracNurestri et al. [51]

QuercetinA258434.table3b.0047Leaves Hexane fraction of methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Flowers Ethyl acetate soluble part of a 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong [53]; Ali et al. [52]
Leaves Methanol extractNazlina et al. [55]
Leaves Ethyl acetate extractSusanti et al. [56]

QuercitrinA258434.table3b.0048LeavesHexane fraction of methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
LeavesMethanol extractNazlina et al. [55]
LeavesEthyl acetate extract Susanti et al. [56]
LeavesMethanol extract

RutinA258434.table3b.0049Leaves Hexane fraction of methanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]
Leaves Methanol extractNazlina et al. [55]

Betulinic acidA258434.table3b.0050 Roots n-Hexane extract Koay [23]
Fruits Ethyl acetate extract Koay [23]

NaringeninA258434.table3b.0051FlowersEthyl acetate extractKoay [23]

PatriscabratineA258434.table3b.0052Leavesn-Hexane extractSusanti et al. [56]

AuranamideD258434.table3b.0053Leavesn-Hexane extractSusanti et al. [56]

1-Octyl decanoate A258434.table3b.0054NANADinda and Saha [45, 47]

Hexacosanoic acid258434.table3b.0055Leaves and rootsMethanol extractFaravani [58]

Melastomic acidNARootsEthanol extractManzoor-I-Khuda et al. [43]

11-Methyl-1-triacontanolNALeaves and flowersNADas and Kotoky [46]

32-Methyl-1-triacontanolNALeaves and flowersNADas and Kotoky [46]

Quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnosyl-(1→2)-α-D-galactosideNAAerialNADinda and Saha [47]; Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]

4′-Methylpeonidin-7-O-β-D-glucosideNAAerialNADinda and Saha [47]; Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]

Kaempferol-3-O-β-D-xylosideNAAerialNADinda and Saha [47]; Mohandoss and Ravindran [35]

Isoquercitrin 6′′-O-gallateNALeaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Isoquercitrin 6′′-O-gallateNALeaves70% acetone extractYoshida et al. [48]

Glycerol-1,2-dilinolenyl-3-O-β-D-galactopyranosideNALeavesMethanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]

Glycerol 1,2-dilinolenyl- 3-O-(4,6-di-O-isopropylidene)-β-D-galactopyranosideNALeavesMethanolic extractNurestri et al. [51]

Kaempferol 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosideNAFlowersEthyl acetate soluble part of a 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]

Kaempferol 3-O-(2′′,6′′-di-O-E-p-coumaryl)-β-D-galactopyranosideNAFlowersEthyl acetate soluble part of a 90% aqueous methanolic extractWong et al. [53]; Ali et al. [52]

2,5,6-Trihydroxynaphtoic carbonic acidNALeavesn-Hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol extractsKoay [23]

Methyl-2,5,6-trihydroxynaphtalene carbonateNALeavesn-Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extractsKoay [23]

Flavonol glycoside derivativeNALeavesn-Hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol extractsKoay [23]

Serrat-14-en-16-oneNARootsn-Hexane extractKoay [23]

2-(2′-Hydroxyvinyl)-1-methyl-4-propoxyphthalateNARootsn-Hexane extractKoay [23]

Glycerol 1,2-dilinolenyl-3-O-β-D-galactopyranosideNALeaves90% aqueous methanolic extractsAli et al. [52]

Glycerol 1,2-dilinolenyl-3-O-(4,6-O-isopropylidene)-β-D-galactopyranosideNALeaves90% aqueous methanolic extractsAli et al. [52]

AChemical structure adopted from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/.
BChemical structure adopted from http://www.polyphenols.com/.
C Chemical structure adopted from http://www.wikipedia.com/.
DChemical structure adopted from http://www.guidechem.com/.
EChemical structure adopted from the respective reference.