Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Randomized Clinical Trial on the Use of PHYSTA Freeze-Dried Water Extract of Eurycoma longifolia for the Improvement of Quality of Life and Sexual Well-Being in Men

Table 1

Baseline comparisons on demographic and physical examination data on study participants between randomized groups of E. longifolia and placebo. Results are expressed as mean ± SD (standard deviation) unless mentioned.

VariablesE. longifolia ( )Placebo ( ) value*

Demographic characteristics

Age (years)43.6 (6.52)42.8 (6.73)0.553
Educational level ( , %)
 Primary4 (7.5)0 (0.0)
 Secondary43 (81.1)49 (89.1)0.113
 Tertiary6 (11.3)6 (10.9)
Ethnicity ( , %)
 Malay53 (98.1)53 (96.4)0.609‡‡
 Non-Malay 1 (1.9)2 (3.6)
Duration of married (mean years, SD)16.9 (8.02)17.2 (7.27)0.842
No. of children (median, range)4 (0–13)4 (0–10)0.718**
Smoking 18 (33.3)24 (43.6)0.609

Physical examinations

Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)118.1 (12.9)118.9 (13.1)0.750
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)76.1 (8.9)74.2 (8.6)0.259
Height (meter)1.65 (0.05)1.67 (0.06)0.171
Body weight (kg)71.9 (10.5)71.9 (11.1)0.975
Waist circumference (cm)86.0 (11.5)85.3 (13.8)0.757

*Independent -test; chi-square test, ‡‡Fisher exact test; **Mann-Whitney test.

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