52–64 yrs, F; enrolled in two washington state insurance companies; USA
Insurance claims data 4 kinds of insurance-paid CAM
Approximately 22–26% used CAM (depending on year); average 8 visits/yr <1% used only CAM therapies
Mam (past 2 years)
Complementary CAM use more likely to have Mam (OR 1.044; ); alternative CAM less likely to have Mam (OR 0.006; ); naturopathy negatively associated with Mam (OR 0.736; ); massage positively associated with Mam (OR 1.196; )
Younger age, higher disease burden, enrolled in fee-for-service products; over the 3 measurement years; areas with lower education, income, and percentage of minority residents
CAM users significantly more likely to have had Mam (67% versus 62%)
Female, younger, higher education, single, employed, health limitations, improved health over past year. More exercise, vegetable intake, fast food consumption; less dietary fat and alcohol (only reported for overall sample)
Younger, female, higher education (high school completion), lower levels of health insurance (only reported for overall sample)
aStudies listed by first author.
bCBE: clinical breast examination; Mam: mammography; BSE: breast self-examination.
cY/N refers to dichotomous responses to use of each CAM treatment.
dThese data reflect the authors’ abstract, data section, and conclusions; the table in the paper presents opposite numbers and is assumed to be a typesetting error.
eParticipants with cancer were included in this calculation because the authors state that overall patterns of the CAM therapies used didn’t differ between cancer survivors and women without cancer and data were not presented separately for each group.
fNR: No response.
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