Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 626740, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/626740
Research Article

The Effects of Clinical Hypnosis versus Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) before External Cephalic Version (ECV): A Prospective Off-Centre Randomised, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2Institute of Biostatistics and Mathematical Modeling, Faculty of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Received 6 March 2012; Revised 30 March 2012; Accepted 3 May 2012

Academic Editor: Olumayokun A. Olajide

Copyright © 2012 Joscha Reinhard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Goffinet, M. Carayol, J. M. Foidart et al., “Is planned vaginal delivery for breech presentation at term still an option? Results of an observational prospective survey in France and Belgium,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 194, no. 4, pp. 1002–1011, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. E. K. Hutton, M. E. Hannah, and J. Barrett, “Use of external cephalic version for breech pregnancy and mode of delivery for breech and twin pregnancy: a survey of Canadian practitioners,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 804–810, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. J. Hofmeyr and R. Kulier, “External cephalic version for breech presentation at term,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, Article ID CD000083, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. K. Hutton, M. E. Hannah, S. J. Ross et al., “The early external cephalic version (ECV) 2 trial: an international multicentre randomised controlled trial of timing of ECV for breech pregnancies,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 564–577, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), “Clinical management guidelines for obstetrician-gynecologists: external cephalic version,” ACOG Practice Bulletin 13, pp. 380–385, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  6. L. W. M. Impey and G. J. Hofmeyr, “External cephalic version and reducing the incidence of breech presentation,” Green Top Guidelines 20a, RCOG Press, London, UK, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Kok, K. Grootscholten, S. G. Oei, B. W. J. Mol, and J. A. van der Post, “External cephalic version-related risks: a meta-analysis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 1143–1151, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. J. Collaris and S. G. Oei, “External cephalic version: a safe procedure? a systematic review of version-related risks,” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 511–518, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Burgos, J. C. Melchor, J. I. Pijoán, P. Cobos, L. Fernández-Llebrez, and T. Martínez-Astorquiza, “A prospective study of the factors associated with the success rate of external cephalic version for breech presentation at term,” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 48–51, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. A. Smith, C. T. Collins, A. M. Cyna, and C. A. Crowther, “Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 18, Article ID CD003521, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Reinhard, H. Hüsken-Janßen, and S. Schiermeier, “Childbirth preparation through the hypnoreflexogenous protocol developed by Schauble,” Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie, vol. 211, no. 4, pp. 162–164, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. V. Lang, K. S. Berbaum, S. Faintuch et al., “Adjunctive self-hypnotic relaxation for outpatient medical procedures: a prospective randomized trial with women undergoing large core breast biopsy,” Pain, vol. 126, no. 1–3, pp. 155–164, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. V. Lang, E. G. Benotsch, L. J. Fick et al., “Adjunctive non-pharmacological analgesia for invasive medical procedures: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 355, no. 9214, pp. 1486–1490, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Liossi and P. Hatira, “Clinical hypnosis in the alleviation of procedure-related pain in pediatric oncology patients,” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 4–28, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Reinhard, H. Huesken-Janßen, H. Hatzmann, and S. Schiermeier, “Preterm labour and clinical hypnosis,” Contemporary Hypnosis, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 187–193, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Reinhard, H. Hüsken-Janßen, H. Hatzmann, and S. Schiermeier, “Veränderung des Gefäßwiderstands der Arteria umbilicalis, der fetalen Bewegung und der Herzzeitvariation durch Hypnose—Erste Ergebnisse,” Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie, vol. 213, no. 1, pp. 23–26, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Reinhard, B. R. Hayes-Gill, S. Schiermeier, W. Hatzmann, T. M. Heinrich, and F. Louwen, “Change of spectral analysis of fetal heart rate during clinical hypnosis: a prospective randomised trial from 20th gestation till term,” Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde. In press.
  18. B. Alexander, D. Turnbull, and A. M. Cyna, “The effect of pregnancy on hypnotizability,” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Reinhard, H. Hüsken-Janßen, H. Hatzmann, and S. Schiermeier, “Hypnotherapy, gestational age and incidence of preterm labour,” Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie, vol. 214, no. 3, pp. 82–87, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Reinhard, H. Hüsken-Janßen, H. Hatzmann, and S. Schiermeier, “Veränderung der mütterlichen und fetalen Herzrate durch Hypnotherapie,” Suggestionen, vol. 1, pp. 8–17, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Reinhard, T. M. Heinrich, A. Reitter, E. Herrmann, W. Smart, and F. Louwen, “Clinical Hypnosis before external cephalic version,” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. In press.
  22. M. Su, L. McLeod, S. Ross et al., “Factors associated with adverse perinatal outcome in the Term Breech trial,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 189, no. 3, pp. 740–745, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Lorenz-Wallacher, Schwangerschaft, Geburt und Hypnose, Carl-Auer-Systeme, Heidelberg, Germany, 2003.
  24. S. Collins, P. Ellaway, D. Harrington, M. Pandit, and L. W. M. Impey, “The complications of external cephalic version: results from 805 consecutive attempts,” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 636–638, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Nassar, C. L. Roberts, A. Barratt, J. C. Bell, E. C. Olive, and B. Peat, “Systematic review of adverse outcomes of external cephalic version and persisting breech presentation at term,” Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 163–171, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Reinhard, F. Louwen, and E. Hansen, “Die Macht des Wortes—Negative und positive Suggestionen im Kontakt mit der Patientin,” Frauenarzt, vol. 53, pp. 54–55, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. L. Bishop, K. Northstone, J. R. Green, and E. A. Thompson, “The use of Complementary and Alternative medicine in pregnancy: data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC),” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 19, pp. 303–310, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  28. C. A. Smith, K. M. Levett, C. T. Collins, and C. A. Crowther, “Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 12, Article ID CD009514, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus