Research Article

The Yang-Tonifying Herbal Medicine Cynomorium songaricum Extends Lifespan and Delays Aging in Drosophila

Figure 4

Effects of CS supplementation on courtship behavior. Female flies were pretreated with the control diet (CTL, gray bar) and experimental diets containing 10, 20, and 30 mg/mL CS (black bar) at 29°C for either 10 ((a), (b)) or 20 ((c), (d)) days. Copulation duration ((a), (c)) and copulation latency ((b), (d)) were determined. Data are expressed as the mean ± SEM. Sample size is shown in the corresponding bars for each treatment. , , and indicate significant differences compared with the control groups.