Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 747969, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/747969
Research Article

Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Activity of the Decoction of Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825) and Tropidurus semitaeniatus (Spix, 1825) Used by the Traditional Medicine

1Laboratory of Zoology, Regional University of Cariri-URCA, Pimenta 63105-000, Crato, CE, Brazil
2Laboratory of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Regional University of Cariri-URCA, Pimenta 63105-000, Crato, CE, Brazil
3Laboratory of Natural Products Research, Regional University of Cariri-URCA, Pimenta 63105-000, Crato, CE, Brazil
4Laboratory of Phamacology and Medicinal Chemistry, Regional University of Cariri-URCA, Pimenta 63105-000, Crato, CE, Brazil
5Department of Biology, Paraiba State University-UEPB, Joăo Pessoa 58429-500, PB, Brazil

Received 1 April 2011; Accepted 4 May 2011

Academic Editor: Ana H. Ladio

Copyright © 2012 Israel J. M. Santos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. D. Phillipson and L. A. Anderson, “Ethnopharmacology and western medicine,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 61–72, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. V. Almeida, “Prescrições zooterápicas indígenas brasileiras nas obras de Guilherme Piso (1611–1679),” in Atualidades em Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia, A. G. C. Alves, R. F. P. Lucena, and U. P. Albuquerque, Eds., NUPPEA—Sociedade Brasileira de Etnobiologia e Etnoecologia, Brasil, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. R. N. Alves and I. M. L. Rosa, “Biodiversity, traditional medicine and public health: where do they meet?” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 3, Article ID 14, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. R. R. N. Alves and I. L. Rosa, “Zootherapeutic practices among fishing communities in North and Northeast Brazil: a comparison,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 82–103, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. R. R. N. Alves, I. L. Rosa, and G. G. Santana, “The role of animal-derived remedies as complementary medicine in Brazil,” BioScience, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 949–955, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. R. N. Alves, N. A. L. Léo Neto, G. G. Santana, W. L. S. Vieira, and W. O. Almeida, “Reptiles used for medicinal and magic religious purposes in Brazil,” Applied Herpetology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 257–274, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. M. Mahawar and D. P. Jaroli, “Animals and their products utilized as medicines by the inhabitants surrounding the Ranthambhore National Park, India,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 2, Article ID 46, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  8. P. E. Vázquez, R. M. Méndez, O. G. R. Guiascón, and E. J. N. Piñera, “Medicinal use of wild fauna in los altos de Chiapas, MexicoUso medicinal de la fauna silvestre en los altos de Chiapas, México,” Interciencia, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 491–499, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. R. N. Alves and I. L. Rosa, “From cnidarians to mammals: the use of animals as remedies in fishing communities in NE Brazil,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 259–276, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Zhou and Z. Jiang, “International trade status and crisis for snake species in China,” Conservation Biology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1386–1394, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. R. N. Alves and G. A. Pereira Filho, “Commercialization and use of snakes in North and Northeastern Brazil: implications for conservation and management,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 969–985, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. E. Vanzolini, A. M. M. Ramos-Costa, and L. J. Vitt, Répteis das Caatingas, Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Brasil, 1980.
  13. L. J. Vitt, “The ecology of tropical lizards in the caatinga of Northeastern Brasil,” Occasional Papers of the Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, vol. 1, pp. 1–29, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. L. S. Abreu, J. G. Frota, and R. N. Yuki, “Geographic distribution, Tropidurus hispidus,” Herpetological Review, vol. 33, p. 66, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Díaz-Uriarte, “Effects of aggressive interactions on antipredator behavior: empirical and theoretical aspects,” , Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin, USA, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  16. L. J. Vitt, J. P. Caldwell, P. A. Zani, and T. A. Titus, “The role of habitat shift in the evolution of lizard morphology: evidence from tropical Tropidurus,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 94, no. 8, pp. 3828–3832, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. G. Bergallo and C. F. D. Rocha, “Activity and body temperatures of two sympatric lizards (Tropidurus torquatus and Cnemidophorus ocellifer with different foraging tactics in southeastern Brazil,” Amphibia-Reptilia, vol. 14, pp. 312–315, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. T. Rodrigues, “Distribution of lizards of the genus Tropidurus in Brazil (Sauria: Iguanidae),” in Proceedings of the workshop on neotropical distribution patterns, W. R. Heyer and P. E. Vanzolini, Eds., Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1988.
  19. M. T. Rodrigues, “Sistemática, Ecologia e Zoogeografia dos Tropidurus do grupo Torquatus ao Sul do rio Amazonas (Sauria, Iguanidae),” Arquive Zoology Sao Paulo, vol. 31, pp. 105–230, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  20. A. R. Barbosa, “Os humanos e os répteis da mata: uma abordagem etnoecológica de São José da Mata—Paraíba,” , M.S. thesis, Universidade Federal da Paraíba—PRODEMA, Brasil, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  21. F. C. J. Freire, Répteis Utilizados na Medicina Popular do Estado de Alagoas, UFAL, Maceió, Brasil, 1996.
  22. J. G. W. Marques, Pescando Pescadores: Etnoecologia Abrangente no Baixo São Francisco Alagoano, NUPAUB/USP, Brasil, 1995.
  23. P. A. G. M. De Smet, “Is there any danger in using traditional remedies?” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 32, no. 1–3, pp. 43–50, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Still, “Use of animal products in traditional Chinese medicine: environmental impact and health hazards,” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 118–122, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. D. M. Coutinho, L. N. Cordeiro, and K. P. Bringel, “Antibiotic resistance of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the population of Juazeiro do Norte—Ceará,” Revista Brasileira de Ciências da Saúde, vol. 9, pp. 127–138, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  26. M. M. Javadpour, M. M. Juban, W. C. J. Lo et al., “De novo antimicrobial peptides with low mammalian cell toxicity,” Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 39, no. 16, pp. 3107–3113, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  27. F. J. A. Matos, Introduçõo à Fitoquímica Experimental, UFC, Fortaleza, Brazil, 1997.
  28. F. S. Ferreira, S. V. Brito, J. G. M. Costa, R. R. N. Alves, H. D. M. Coutinho, and W. O. Almeida, “Is the body fat of the lizard Tupinambis merianae effective against bacterial infections?” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 233–237, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  29. H. D. M. Coutinho, K. M. Lobo, D. A. C. Bezerra, and I. Lobo, “Peptides and proteins with antimicrobial activity,” Indian Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 3–9, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  30. H. D. M. Coutinho, A. Vasconcellos, M. A. Lima, G. G. Almeida-Filho, and R. R. N. Alves, “Termite usage associated with antibiotic therapy: enhancement of aminoglycoside antibiotic activity by natural products of Nasutitermes corniger (Motschulsky 1855),” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 9, Article ID 1472, p. 35, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  31. H. D. M. Coutinho, A. Vasconcellos, H. L. Freire-Pessôa, C. A. Gadelha, T. S. Gadelha, and G. G. Almeida-Filho, “Natural products from the termite Nasutitermes corniger lowers aminoglycoside minimum inhibitory concentrations,” Pharmacognosy Magazine, vol. 6, no. 21, pp. 1–4, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  32. H. D. M. Coutinho, J. G. M. Costa, E. O. Lima, and J. P. Siqueira-Júnior, “Additive effects of Hyptis martiusii Benth with aminoglycosides against Escherichia coli,” Indian Journal of Medical Research, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 106–108, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. E. F. F. Matias, K. K. A. Santos, T. S. Almeida, J. G. M. Costa, and H. D. M. Coutinho, “In vitro antibacterial activity of Croton campestris A., Ocimum gratissimum L. and Cordia verbenacea DC,” Revista Brasileira de Biociencias, vol. 8, pp. 294–298, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  34. I. M. Helander, H. L. Alakomi, K. Latva-Kala et al., “Characterization of the Action of Selected Essential Oil Components on Gram-Negative Bacteria,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 3590–3595, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Wendakoon and M. Sakaguchi, “Inhibition of amino acid decarboxylase activity of Enterobacter aerogenes by active components in spices,” Journal of Food Protection, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 280–283, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. H. D. M. Coutinho, J. G. M. Costa, E. O. Lima, V. S. Falcão-Silva, and J. P. Siqueira, “Enhancement of the antibiotic activity against a multiresistant Escherichia coli by Mentha arvensis L. and chlorpromazine,” Chemotherapy, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 328–330, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  37. H. D. M. Coutinho, J. G. M. Costa, J. R. Siqueira, and E. O. Lima, “In vitro anti-staphylococcal activity of Hyptis martiusii Benth against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-MRSA strains,” Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, vol. 18, pp. 670–675, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Q. Paulo, E. O. Lima, E. F. Queiroz, and M. A. C. Kaplan, “Chemical and antimicrobial analysis obtained of essential oil of Annonaceae,” Phytochemical Society of North America, vol. 32, p. 27, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  39. A. Gomes, B. Giri, A. Saha et al., “Bioactive molecules from amphibian skin: their biological activities with reference to therapeutic potentials for possible drug development,” Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 579–593, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Calvet-Mir, V. Reyes-García, and S. Tanner, “Is there a divide between local medicinal knowledge and Western medicine? A case study among native Amazonians in Bolivia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 4, Article ID 18, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  41. I. Vandebroek, E. Thomas, S. Sanca, P. Van Damme, L. V. Van, and N. De Kimpe, “Comparison of health conditions treated with traditional and biomedical health care in a Quechua community in rural Bolivia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 4, Article ID 1, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  42. F. S. Ferreira, S. V. Brito, S. C. Ribeiro, A. A. F. Saraiva, W. O. Almeida, and R. R. N. Alves, “Animal-based folk remedies sold in public markets in Crato and Juazeiro do Norte, Ceara, Brazil,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 9, Article ID 17, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  43. P. Ciscotto, R. A. Machado de Avila, E. A. F. Coelho et al., “Antigenic, microbicidal and antiparasitic properties of an l-amino acid oxidase isolated from Bothrops jararaca snake venom,” Toxicon, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 330–341, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  44. S. M. De Morais, E. S. B. Cavalcanti, S. M. O. Costa, and L. A. Aguiar, “Antioxidant action of teas and seasonings more consumed in Brazil,” Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, vol. 19, no. 1 B, pp. 315–320, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. Liu, S. J. Liu, X. Zhang, and J. M. Lin, “Antitumor effect of GPICD80 fusion protein in nude mice,” Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao, vol. 27, pp. 1027–1029, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  46. S. Thammasirirak, T. Torikata, K. Takami, K. Murata, and T. Araki, “Purification, characterization and comparison of reptile lysozymes,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C, vol. 143, pp. 209–217, 2006. View at Google Scholar