Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2012 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Combined Effects of Eurycoma longifolia and Testosterone on Androgen-Deficient Osteoporosis in a Male Rat Model

Figure 2

(a) Mean serum osteocalcin levels for all the groups before and after treatment. (b) Mean serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen for all the groups before and after treatment. Data presented as mean ± SEM. SHAM: sham-operated control. ORX: orchidectomized control. ORX + T: orchidectomized supplemented with testosterone. ORX + EL: orchidectomized supplemented with EL. ORX + T + EL: orchidectomized and combination treatment of testosterone with EL. bthe posttreatment level is significant different compared to the posttreatment level of SHAM group ( ). *Significant difference before and after treatment in each group ( ).

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.