Table 1: Brief History of the Development of Scalp Acupuncture.

YearAuthor and/or workContribution

5 BCBian Que’s biographyThe earliest medical record for the application of SA therapy in China
221 BC–220 ADHuangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s internal classics)Establishment of the TCM theory basis for SA therapy.
220 AD–1950 ADThere were rich records of SA therapy in the medical books.SA therapy developed through different generations, but it still belonged to the traditional acupuncture system.
1950’sSA became one part of micropuncture systems.SA began to form up an independent system.
1970’sJiao Shunfa SA therapy, Fang Yunpeng SA therapy, Zhu Longyu SA therapy, and Zhu Minqing SA therapy, Yamamoto et al. new SASA therapy developed rapidly and has formed various scalp acupoint nomenclature systems.
1980’s–1990’sWHO Scientific Group on International Acupuncture NomenclatureThe international standard SA lines were approved by scientific group of WHO.

SA, Scalp Acupuncture. WHO, World Health Organization.