Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 951928, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/951928
Research Article

System Identification Algorithm Analysis of Acupuncture Effect on Mean Blood Flux of Contralateral Hegu Acupoint

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
2Institute of Information Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
3Stronach Research Unit for Complementary and Integrative Laser Medicine, Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, and TCM Research Center Graz, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, 8036 Graz, Austria

Received 11 March 2012; Accepted 21 March 2012

Academic Editor: Lu Wang

Copyright © 2012 Guangjun Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. D. Lu and J. Needham, Celestial Lancets: A History and Rationale of Acupuncture and Moxa, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 1980.
  2. P. U. Unschuld, Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen: Nature, Knowledge, Imagery in an Ancient Chinese Medical Text, with an Appendix, The Doctrine of The Five Periods and Six Qi in The Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen, University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif, USA, 2003.
  3. Z. Q. Zhao, “Neural mechanism underlying acupuncture analgesia,” Progress in Neurobiology, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 355–375, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. S. Han, “Acupuncture: neuropeptide release produced by electrical stimulation of different frequencies,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. E. Wechsler, J. M. Kelley, I. O. Boyd et al., “Active albuterol or placebo, sham acupuncture, or no intervention in asthma,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 365, no. 2, pp. 119–126, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. C. Park, W. Kang, S. M. Choi, and C. G. Son, “Evaluation of manual acupuncture at classical and nondefined points for treatment of functional dyspepsia: a randomized-controlled trial,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 879–884, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Li, H. Liu, Y. Z. Li et al., “The human brain response to acupuncture on same-meridian acupoints: evidence from an fMRI study,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 673–678, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. J. Bai, H. Yan, L. L. Li et al., “Neural specificity of acupuncture stimulation at pericardium 6: evidence from an fMRI study,” Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 71–77, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. S. Ren, L. J. Bai, Y. Y. Feng, J. Tian, and K. C. Li, “Investigation of acupoint specificity by functional connectivity analysis based on graph theory,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 482, no. 2, pp. 95–100, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Goldman, M. Chen, T. Fujita et al., “Adenosine A1 receptors mediate local anti-nociceptive effects of acupuncture,” Nature Neuroscience, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 883–888, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. L. Somers and F. R. Clemente, “Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the management of neurophatic pain: the effects of frequency and electrode position on prevention of allodynia in a rat model of complex regional pain syndrome type II,” Physical Therapy, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 698–709, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Yi, H. Zhang, L. Lao, G. G. Xing, and Y. Wan, “Anterior cingulate cortex is crucial for contra- but not ipsi-lateral electro-acupuncture in the formalin-induced inflammatory pain model of rats,” Molecular Pain, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 61, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  13. W. B. Zhang, “Cluster analysis to the correlativity of skin respiration of CO2 on acupoints of twelve meridians on human body,” Journal of Biomathematics, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 261–264, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  14. G. J. Wang, Y. Q. Zhang, R. H. Wang et al., “Experimental study on effect of electro-heated stone needle on local skin blood perfusion of dorsum hand,” Tianjin Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 382–384, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. J. Wang, Y. Q. Zhang, R. H. Wang et al., “The study of interaction based on the thermostimulation,” Chinese Journal of Basic Medicine in Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 803–811, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Q. Zhang, Y. L. Ding, Y. Y. Tian, T. Huang, W. B. Zhang, and G. J. Wang, “Change of blood perfusion on contra-lateral lower limb after electro-bian stone intervention,” Jiangsu Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 42, no. 04, pp. 48–49, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  17. K. Kubo, H. Yajima, M. Takayama, T. Ikebukuro, H. Mizoguchi, and N. Takakura, “Changes in blood circulation of the contralateral achilles tendon during and after acupuncture and heating,” International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 807–813, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. C. Kuo, C. W. Lin, and F. M. Ho, “The soreness and numbness effect of acupuncture on skin blood flow,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 117–129, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Hsiu, W. C. Hsu, B. H. Chen, and C. L. Hsu, “Differences in the microcirculatory effects of local skin surface contact pressure stimulation between acupoints and nonacupoints: possible relevance to acupressure,” Physiological Measurement, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 829–841, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Q. F. Wu, Q. Zhang, B. Sun et al., “1H NMR-based metabonomic study on the metabolic changes in the plasma of patients with functional dyspepsia and the effect of acupuncture,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 698–704, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. W. Anderson, “More is different,” Science, vol. 177, no. 4047, pp. 393–396, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. K. Kim, T. Y. Choi, M. S. Lee, H. Lee, and C. H. Han, “Contralateral acupuncture versus ipsilateral acupuncturein the rehabilitation of post-stroke hemiplegic patients: a systematic review,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 10, article 41, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. Litscher, L. Wang, E. Huber, and G. Nilsson, “Changed skin blood perfusion in the fingertip following acupuncture needle introduction as evaluated by laser doppler perfusion imaging,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 19–25, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. H. Hsiu, W. C. Hsu, S. L. Chang, C. L. Hsu, S. M. Huang, and Y. Y. W. Lin, “Microcirculatory effect of different skin contacting pressures around the blood pressure,” Physiological Measurement, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1421–1434, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Litscher, “Bioengineering assessment of acupuncture, part 2: monitoring of microcirculation,” Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 273–293, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Hsiu, S. M. Huang, P. T. Chao et al., “Microcirculatory characteristics of acupuncture points obtained by laser doppler flowmetry,” Physiological Measurement, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. N77–N86, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Niimi and H. S. Yuwono, “Asian traditional medicine: from molecular biology to organ circulation,” Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, vol. 23, no. 2–4, pp. 123–125, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Tsuru and K. Kawakita, “Acupuncture on the blood flow of various organs measured simultaneously by colored microspheres in rats,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 77–83, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Hsiu, W. C. Hsu, C. L. Hsu, M. Y. Jan, and Y. Y. Wang-Lin, “Effects of acupuncture at the hoku acupoint on the pulsatile laser doppler signal at the heartbeat frequency,” Lasers in Medical Science, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 553–560, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. L. Sandberg, M. K. Sandberg, and J. Dahl, “Blood flow changes in the trapezius muscle and overlying skin following transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation,” Physical Therapy, vol. 87, no. 8, pp. 1047–1055, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. T. C. Kuo, Z. S. Chen, C. H. Chen, F. M. Ho, C. W. Lin, and Y. J. Chen, “The physiological effect of DE QI during acupuncture,” Journal of Health Science, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 336–342, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. J. Wang, Y. Q. Zhang, R. H. Wang, Y. Y. Tian, T. Huang, and W. B. Zhang, “The study of blood perfusion of foot skin in both lower extremity after injected with compound 48/80 in the right side,” Shaanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 31, no. 08, pp. 1070–1073, 2010. View at Google Scholar