Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

Acupuncture and Moxibustion for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Table 3

Interventions and outcomes of included studies.

StudyIntervention ControlOutcome measurement

Ma and Zhang, 1997 [3]Acupuncture + sparrow-pecking moxibustionSASP + metronidazoleEfficacy
Gao, 1997 [4] Acupoint application + moxibustion + decoction of traditional Chinese medicine Traditional Chinese medicine Efficacy
Wu et al., 1999 [5]Drug-separated moxibustionSASPEfficacy, T lymphocyte subpopulations, HLA-DR antigen
Li et al., 2008 [6]Moxa-box moxibustion + SASPSASPEfficacy, haemorheology, immunoglobulin, T lymphocyte subpopulations
Mo et al., 2010 [7]Moxa-box moxibustion + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy
X. Guo and F. Guo, 2010 [8]Warm moxibustion of acupointsSASP + PATEfficacy, T lymphocyte subpopulations
Yang et al., 2011 [9]Ginger moxibustionDiphenoxylateEfficacy
Zhou and Jin, 2008 [10]Electroacupuncture + ginger moxibustion + SASPSASPMedical condition, efficacy, intestinal mucosa pathology, adverse reactions
Han et al., 2012 [11]Auricular acupressure + salicylic acid preparations + traditional Chinese medicine + traditional Chinese medicine enemaSalicylic acid preparations + traditional Chinese medicine + traditional Chinese medicine enemaEnema retention time, efficacy
Jiang, 2012 [12]Abdominal acupuncture + acupoint catgut embeddingBupi Yichang pillsSymptom scores, efficacy, fibre colonoscopy
Zhou, 2003 [13]Ginger moxibustionSASP + prednisone tabletsEfficacy
Din et al., 2009 [14]Ginger moxibustionSASPEfficacy
Wu et al., 2000 [15]Moxibustion with herbal medicine underneathSASPEfficacy, colonic mucosal histopathology, mucin
Wen, 2003 [16]Drug-separated moxibustionSASPEfficacy, immunoglobulin
Wang et al., 2006 [17]Drug-separated moxibustionSASP + metronidazole tabletsEfficacy, immunoglobulin, T lymphocyte subpopulations, NK content
Xu et al., 2010 [18]Herb-partitioned moxibustionSASPEfficacy, adverse reactions
Zhang, 2012 [19]Drug-separated moxibustionSASPEfficacy
Chi and Yu, 2011 [20]Umbilical compression with traditional Chinese medicine + SASPSASPEfficacy
Luo, 2009 [21]Balance cuppingEnteritidis tabletEfficacy, symptom scores, immunoglobulin
Li et al., 2006 [22]Application of musky warm umbilical cream + use of a specific electromagnetic spectrum therapeutic apparatusSASPEfficacy
Tian et al., 2012 [23]Acupoint applicationSASPEfficacy, symptom scores
Chen, 2004 [24]Acupoint catgut embeddingSASPEfficacy
Li et al., 2006 [25]Acupoint catgut embeddingSASPEfficacy, stool characteristics, abdominal pain
Duan et al., 2012 [26]Acupoint catgut embedding + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy, routine stool tests
Sun and Wang, 1998 [27]Warm acupuncture + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy
Wang, 2008 [28]Warm acupunctureSASP + western medicine enemaEfficacy
Ma and Xu, 2005 [29]Acupuncture + TDPSASPEfficacy
Cui, 2010 [30]Acupuncture + moxibustion + SASPSASPEfficacy, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-10
Guo et al., 2007 [31]Acupuncture + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy, intestinal microscopy
Wang et al., 2009 [32]Electroacupuncture + ginger moxibustion + traditional Chinese and western medicine enemaTraditional Chinese and western medicine enemaEfficacy
Long and Yang, 2010 [33]Acupuncture + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy, colonoscopy
Chen, 2010 [34]Acupuncture + ginger moxibustion + traditional Chinese medicine enemaTraditional Chinese medicine enemaEfficacy
Sun and Wang, 2001 [35]Acupuncture + ginger moxibustionShuanghuanglian compound + norfloxacin + gentamicinEfficacy
Wang et al., 2006 [36]Warm acupunctureSASPEfficacy
Shi et al., 2006 [37]Electroacupuncture + moxibustionSASPEfficacy, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, IL-l, and IL-10
Qun et al., 2012 [38]Acupuncture + moxibustion + TDPSASPEfficacy, intestinal mucosa pathology, immunoglobulin
Xu, 2006 [39]Ginger moxibustion + SASPSASPEfficacy
Zhang et al., 2011 [40]Traditional acupuncture + Chinese medicine decoctionSASPEfficacy, symptom scores, serum levels of IL-8 and IL-10
Joos et al., 2006 [41]Traditional acupuncture + moxibustionSham acupunctureCAI, QLO, general well-being, C-reactive protein, serum -acid glycoprotein
Yang and Yan, 1999 [42]Acupuncture + moxibustionSASPEfficacy, routine examination of faeces, electrogastrograms, sigmoidoscopy
Joos et al., 2004 [43]Traditional acupuncture + moxibustionSham acupunctureCDAI, QLO, general condition, C-reactive protein, serum -acid glycoprotein
Ma, 1999 [44]Acupuncture + sparrow-pecking moxibustionSASPEfficacy
Ma, 2005 [45]Acupuncture SASPEfficacy

SASP: sulphasalazine; IBDQ: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire; CAI: Colitis Activity Index; QOL: quality of life; CDAI: Crohn's Disease Activity Index; PAT: pipemidic acid tablet; sham acupuncture: superficial needling at nonacupoints.

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