Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Efficacy of Acupuncture for Primary Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of the ITT population (Mean ± SD).

VariablesVerum group ( )Estazolam Group ( )Sham Group ( )

Age, years 0.540.59
Sex, male/female19/4121/3918/420.360.84
Education attainment, y 0.420.25
Insomnia duration, y 0.330.57
Married 4039420.450.98
Widowed 9109
Chronic medical illness7492.140.34
ESS 1.260.29
PSQI total score 1.420.24
SQ 2.300.10
SOL (min) 1.390.25
TST (min) 2.100.12
SE (%) 1.570.21
Dyssomnia 0.330.72
DD 0.530.59

ITT: intention to treat. verum group: verum acupuncture + placebo; estazolam group: estazolam + sham acupuncture; sham group: sham acupuncture + placebo.
ESS: Epworth Sleepiness Scale; PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; SQ: sleep quality; SOL: sleep-onset latency; TST: total sleep time; SE: sleep efficiency; DD: daytime dysfunction; results from or ANOVA test for categorical and quantitative variables, respectively.