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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 178547, 13 pages
Research Article

Spiritual Needs in Patients Suffering from Fibromyalgia

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
2Department of General Medicine, University Clinic IV, 80336 Munich, Germany
3Generation Research Program, Human Science Center, University of Munich, 83646 Bad Tölz, Germany
4Division of Integrative Health Promotion, University of Applied Sciences, 96450 Coburg, Germany
5Brain, Mind & Healing Program, Samueli Institute, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
6Department of Psychology, Luther College, Decorah, IA 52101, USA
7Institute for Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, 58313 Herdecke, Germany

Received 4 July 2013; Accepted 30 September 2013

Academic Editor: Klaus Baumann

Copyright © 2013 M. Offenbaecher et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The objective of this study was to assess spiritual needs of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and to evaluate correlations with disease and health associated variables. Using a set of standardized questionnaires (i.e., Spiritual Needs Questionnaire, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, SF-36's Quality of Life, Brief Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale, etc.), we enrolled 141 patients (95% women, mean age 58 ± 10 years). Here, needs for inner peace and giving/generativity scored the highest, while existential needs and religious needs scored lowest. Particularly inner peace needs and existential needs correlated with different domains of reduced mental health, particularly with anxiety, the intention to escape from illness, and psychosocial restrictions. Thirty-eight percent of the patients stated needs to be forgiven and nearly half to forgive someone from their past life. Therefore, the specific spiritual needs of patients with chronic diseases should be addressed in clinical care in order to identify potential therapeutic avenues to support and stabilize their psychoemotional situation.