Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Auricular Point Acupressure for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Feasibility Study

Table 2

Effects of acupressure on pain, disability, psychological function, and quality of life.

Outcome measure
(possible range)
Mean ± SD
4 weeks
Mean ± SD
4 weeks
% change
value1-month followup
Mean ± SD
1 month % change

Pain intensity
 Worst painTrue
 Average painTrue
 Overall pain intensityTrue
Back-specific disability
Psychological factors
Fear avoidance beliefs
 Physical activityTrue
Health related quality of life
 Psychological True
 Social True

% change = (mean at 4 weeks − mean at baseline)/mean at baseline.
RMDQ: Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire.
ODI: Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Index.
PCS: The pain and catastrophizing scale.
P value is calculated by the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test for the null hypothesis: .