German Psychiatrists’ Observation and Interpretation of Religiosity/Spirituality
Psychiatrists’ observations and interpretations of the influence of ReS on patients’ health.
Correlation with intrinsic religiosityc,d
Mention of religiosity/spirituality
Patients mentioned ReS issues such as God, prayer, meditation, the Bible, and so forth.
2.96 ± 0.68
Positive influence of religiosity/spirituality
The influence of ReS on health is generally positive.
3.14 ± 0.73
ReS helps patients to cope with and endure illness.
3.52 ± 0.61
Patients have received emotional or practical support from their religious community.
3.20 ± 0.71
ReS gives patients a positive, hopeful state of mind.
3.34 ± 0.63
ReS helps patients to prevent “hard” medical outcomes like death via suicide.
3.11 ± 0.75
Suffering from an illness often leads patients to ReS.e
2.84 ± 0.65
Negative influence of religiosity/spirituality
ReS leads patients to refuse, delay, or stop medically indicated therapy.
2.25 ± 0.63
Patients used ReS as a reason to avoid taking responsibility for their own health.
2.13 ± 0.62
Preceded by “considering your experience….”
bResponse categories are 1 = never, 2 = rarely, 3 = sometimes, 4 = often, and 5 = always.
cCorrelation between the sum of psychiatrists’ own intrinsic religiosity scores and their response to the items.
dSpearman’s correlation (1 tailed): ***, **, *.
eIn the original questionnaire, this item asked whether “religiosity/spirituality causes guilt, anxiety, or other negative emotions that lead to increased patient suffering” and belonged to the category: negative influence. Based on comments from the respondents of the pilot study and other comments from a professional team, this question was replaced by the item “Suffering from an illness often leads patients to religiosity/spirituality.”
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