Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

German Psychiatrists’ Observation and Interpretation of Religiosity/Spirituality

Table 4

Psychiatrists’ attitudes and self-reported behaviors regarding ReS in clinical settings.

Questionnaire itemsAnalysis
MeanaCorrelation with intrinsic religiosityb,c

Attitudes
In general, it is appropriate for a psychiatrist to inquire about a patient’s religion and/or spirituality.3.18 ± 0.830.243*
In general, it is appropriate for a psychiatrist to discuss religious/spiritual issues, when a patient brings them up.3.47 ± 0.630.135
In general, it is appropriate for a psychiatrist to talk about his or her own religious beliefs or experiences with a patient.1.73 ± 0.750.281**
In general, it is appropriate for a psychiatrist to pray with a patient together.1.30 ± 0.510.382***
Self-reported behaviors d
I listen carefully and empathetically.3.76 ± 0.460.242*
I try to change the subject in a tactful way.1.82 ± 0.79−0.273**
I encourage patients in their own religious/spiritual beliefs and practices.3.18 ± 0.650.228*
I respectfully share my own religious ideas and experiences.1.58 ± 0.730.332**
I pray with the patient.1.12 ± 0.360.281**
I refer patients to chaplains.2.96 ± 0.720.063
It is not my responsibility.1.76 ± 0.86−0.326**

Response categories are 1 = definitely not true, 2 = tends not to be true, 3 = tends to be true, and 4 = definitely true of me.
bCorrelation between the sum of psychiatrists’ own intrinsic religiosity scores and their response to the items.
cSpearman’s correlation (1 tailed): *** , ** , * .
dPreceded by “when religious/spiritual issues come up in discussions with patients.”

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