Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 293080, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/293080
Research Article

GC/MS Evaluation and In Vitro Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oil and Solvent Extracts of an Endemic Plant Used as Folk Remedy in Turkey: Phlomis bourgaei Boiss.

1Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts, Faculty of Tourism, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Meram, Konya 42100, Turkey
2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Literature, Celal Bayar University, Muradiye, Manisa 45030, Turkey
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Kilis 7 Aralık University, Kilis 79000, Turkey
4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Atatürk University, Erzurum 25240, Turkey

Received 10 February 2013; Accepted 12 April 2013

Academic Editor: F. R. F. Nascimento

Copyright © 2013 Cengiz Sarikurkcu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Halliwell and J. M. Gutteridge, Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK, 1989.
  2. N. Ito, S. Fukushima, A. Hassegawa, M. Shibata, and T. Ogiso, “Carcinogenecity of butylated hydroxyanisole in F344 ratsş,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 70, pp. 343–347, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  3. K. J. A. Davies, “Oxidative stress, antioxidant defenses, and damage removal, repair, and replacement systems,” IUBMB Life, vol. 50, no. 4-5, pp. 279–289, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. Baytop, Therapy with Medicinal Plants in Turkey; Today and in Future, Istanbul University Press, Istanbul, Turkey, 1999.
  5. A. Dellai, H. B. Mansour, I. Limem et al., “Screening of antimutagenicity via antioxidant activity in different extracts from the flowers of Phlomis crinita Cav. ssp Mauritanica munby from the center of Tunisia,” Drug and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 283–292, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Çakir, A. Mavi, C. Kazaz, A. Yildirim, and O. I. Küfrevioǧlu, “Antioxidant activities of the extracts and components of Teucrium orientale L. var. orientale,” Turkish Journal of Chemistry, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 483–494, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Zhang and Z. Z. Wang, “Phenolic composition and antioxidant activities of two Phlomis species: a correlation study,” Comptes Rendus Biologies, vol. 332, no. 9, pp. 816–826, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Demirci, K. Guven, B. Demirci, M. Y. Dadandi, and K. H. C. Baser, “Antibacterial activity of two Phlomis essential oils against food pathogens,” Food Control, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1159–1164, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Couladis, A. Tanimanidis, O. Tzakou, I. B. Chinou, and C. Harvala, “Essential oil of Phlomis lanata growing in Greece: chemical composition and antimicrobial activity,” Planta Medica, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 670–672, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. I. Gürbüz, O. Üstün, E. Yesilada, E. Sezik, and O. Kutsal, “Anti-ulcerogenic activity of some plants used as folk remedy in Turkey,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 93–97, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. I. Saracoglu, M. Inoue, I. Calis, and Y. Ogihara, “Studies on constituents with cytotoxic and cytostatic activity of two Turkish medicinal plants Phlomis armeniaca and Scutellaria salviifolia,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1396–1400, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Kyriakopoulou, P. Magiatis, A. L. Skaltsounis, N. Aligiannis, and C. Harvala, “A new phenylethanoid glycoside with free-radical scavenging and antimicrobial activities from Phlomis samia,” Journal of Natural Products, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 1095–1097, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. D. Marin, N. C. Veitch, R. J. Grayer, G. C. Kite, M. Soković, and P. Janaćković, “Flavonoids from Phlomis fruticosa (Lamiaceae) growing in Montenegro,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 462–466, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. P. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components By Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Allured Publishing Corp, Carol Stream, Ill, USA, 4th edition, 2007.
  15. M. D. Soković, P. D. Marin, D. Simić, J. Knežević-Vukčević, V. Vajs, and S. Petrović, “Antimutagenic activity of essential oil and crude extract of Phlomis fruticosa,” Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 311–314, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. H. C. Başer, B. Demirci, and M. Y. Dadandi, “Comparative essential oil composition of the natural hybrid Phlomis vuralii dadandi (lamiaceae) and its parents,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 57–62, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Dapkevicius, R. Venskutonis, T. A. van Beek, and P. H. Linssen, “Antioxidant activity of extracts obtained by different isolation procedures from some aromatic herbs grown in Lithuania,” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 77, pp. 140–146, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Hatano, H. Kagawa, T. Yasuhara, and T. Okuda, “Two new flavonoids and other constituents in licorice root: their relative astringency and radical scavenging effects,” Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 2090–2097, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Oyaizu, “Studies on products of browning reactions: antioxidative activities of browning reaction prepared from glucosamine,” Japanese Journal of Nutrition, vol. 44, pp. 307–315, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  20. T. C. P. Dinis, V. M. C. Madeira, and L. M. Almeida, “Action of phenolic derivatives (acetaminophen, salicylate, and 5-aminosalicylate) as inhibitors of membrane lipid peroxidation and as peroxyl radical scavengers,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 315, no. 1, pp. 161–169, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Slinkard and V. L. Singleton, “Total phenol analyses: automation and comparison with manual methods,” American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, vol. 28, pp. 49–55, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. Arvouet-Grand, B. Vennat, A. Pourrat, and P. Legret, “Standardization of a propolis extract and identification of the main constituents,” Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 462–468, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Basta, O. Tzakou, and M. Couladis, “The essential oil composition of Phlomis cretica C. Presl,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 795–797, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Başer, and M. Kürkcüoglu, “Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis nissolii L,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 600–601, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Morteza-Semnani, K. Moshiri, and M. Akbarzadeh, “The essential oil composition of Phlomis cancellata Bunge,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 672–673, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Zhang and Z. Z. Wang, “Comparative analysis of essential oil components of three Phlomis species in Qinling Mountains of China,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 213–217, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Sarikurkcu, K. Arisoy, B. Tepe, A. Cakir, G. Abali, and E. Mete, “Studies on the antioxidant activity of essential oil and different solvent extracts of Vitex agnus castus L. fruits from Turkey,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 2479–2483, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. H. Gordon, “The mechanism of antioxidant action in vitro,” in Antioxidants, B. J. F. Hudson, Ed., pp. 1–18, Elsevier Applied Science, London, UK, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  29. B. Halliwell, “Reactive oxygen species in living systems: source, biochemistry, and role in human disease,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 14S–22S, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. Couladis, O. Tzakou, E. Verykokidou, and C. Harvala, “Screening of some Greek aromatic plants for antioxidant activity,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 194–195, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus