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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 316212, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/316212
Research Article

Auricular Acupressure Combined with an Internet-Based Intervention or Alone for Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Control Study

1School of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei 112, Taiwan
2Taipei Municipal First Girls' Senior High School, Taipei 100, Taiwan
3Department of Applied Mathematics, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Chungli 320, Taiwan
4School of Chinese Medicine-Acupuncture Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
5Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Universityof Sciences and Technology, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan

Received 28 December 2012; Revised 11 February 2013; Accepted 5 March 2013

Academic Editor: Lixing Lao

Copyright © 2013 Mei-Ling Yeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Primary dysmenorrhea is prevalent in adolescents and young women. Menstrual pain and distress causes poor school performance and physiological damage. Auricular acupressure can be used to treat these symptoms, and Internet-based systems are a flexible way of communicating and delivering the relevant information. Objective. This study investigates the effects of auricular acupressure (AA) alone and combined with an interactive Internet-based (II) intervention for the management of menstrual pain and self-care of adolescents with primary dysmenorrhea. Design. This study adopts a pretest/posttest control research design with a convenience sample of 107 participants. Results. The outcomes were measured using the short-form McGill pain questionnaire (SF-MPQ), visual analogue scale (VAS), menstrual distress questionnaire (MDQ), and adolescent dysmenorrheic self-care scale (ADSCS). Significant differences were found in ADSCS scores between the groups, and in SF-MPQ, VAS, MDQ, and ADSCS scores for each group. Conclusion. Auricular acupressure alone and a combination of auricular acupressure and interactive Internet both reduced menstrual pain and distress for primary dysmenorrhea. Auricular acupressure combined with interactive Internet instruction is better than auricular acupuncture alone in improving self-care behaviors.