Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Screening and Scoring of Antimicrobial and Biological Activities of Italian Vulnerary Plants against Major Oral Pathogenic Bacteria

Table 2

Antibacterial activity of plant extracts towards S. mutans, S. sobrinus, A. viscosus, and L. casei.

SolventS. sobrinus S. mutans A. viscosus L. casei
ABCABCABCABC

Cotinus coggygria W11,8 ± 0,414,3 ± 0,5 10,1 ± 0,3 16,8 ± 0,3
M9,3 ± 0,410,1 ± 0,39,3 ± 0,4
H10,8 ± 0,411,8 ± 0,4
Equisetum hyemale M 13,1 ± 0,315,8 ± 0,4
Juniperus communis H10,1 ± 0,311,8 ± 0,4 10,1 ± 0,313,1 ± 0,3 10,1 ± 0,311,8 ± 0,4
Helichrysum litoreum M 11,8 ± 0,410,2 ± 0,411,8 ± 0,4
Phyllitis scolopendrium M11,8 ± 0,414,3 ± 0,5 11,8 ± 0,4
Bellis perennis M10,1 ± 0,3 15,8 ± 0,410,8 ± 0,4
Ceterach officinarum M9,1 ± 0,311,8 ± 0,4
Thymus vulgaris M11,8 ± 0,4 13,1 ± 0,3
Cupressus sempervirens M9,3 ± 0,410,1 ± 0,3
Lavandula angustifolia M11,8 ± 0,4
Gentiana lutea M 11,8 ± 0,414,3 ± 0,5
Rosa canina M11,8 ± 0,414,7 ± 0,5
Artemisia annua M
Cynoglossum creticum M
Eucalyptus globulus M
Hypericum perforatum W10,8 ± 0,4
Lavandula dentata M
Sambucus nigra M11,8 ± 0,4
Valeriana officinalis W10,1 ± 0,3
Verbena officinalis W10,1 ± 0,3
Triclosan 0.3%

Antibacterial activity is expressed as mean (±standard deviation) zones of inhibition (mm). A = 12.5 mg/mL, B = 25 mg/mL, C = 50 mg/mL. W = water, E = ethanol, H = hexane.

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