Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 340107, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/340107
Research Article

Activation of MITF by Argan Oil Leads to the Inhibition of the Tyrosinase and Dopachrome Tautomerase Expressions in B16 Murine Melanoma Cells

1Alliance for Research on North Africa (ARENA), University of Tsukuba, Tennodai 1-1-1, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki 305-8587, Japan
2Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tennodai 1-1-1, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki 305-8587, Japan
3Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, Avenue Prince Moulay Abdellah, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakesh, Morocco

Received 19 April 2013; Revised 6 June 2013; Accepted 6 June 2013

Academic Editor: Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally

Copyright © 2013 Myra O. Villareal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Guillaume and Z. Charrouf, “Argan oil and other argan products: use in dermocosmetology,” The European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 403–408, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Nouaim, G. Mangin, M. C. Breuil, and R. Chaussod, “The argan tree (Argania spinosa) in Morocco: propagation by seeds, cuttings and in-vitro techniques,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 71–81, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Z. Charrouf and D. Guillaume, “Ethnoeconomical, ethnomedical, and phytochemical study of Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 7–14, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Z. Charrouf and D. Guillaume, “Argan oil: occurrence, composition and impact on human health,” The European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, vol. 110, no. 7, pp. 632–636, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Drissi, J. Girona, M. Cherki et al., “Evidence of hypolipemiant and antioxidant properties of argan oil derived from the argan tree (Argania spinosa),” Clinical Nutrition, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 1159–1166, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Cherki, H. Berrougui, A. Drissi, A. Adlouni, and A. Khalil, “Argan oil: which benefits on cardiovascular diseases?” Pharmacological Research, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Bennani, A. Drissi, F. Giton, L. Kheuang, J. Fiet, and A. Adlouni, “Antiproliferative effect of polyphenols and sterols of virgin argan oil on human prostate cancer cell lines,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 64–69, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Khallouki, C. Younos, R. Soulimani et al., “Consumption of argan oil (Morocco) with its unique profile of fatty acids, tocopherols, squalene, sterols and phenolic compounds should confer valuable cancer chemopreventive effects,” The European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 67–75, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Briganti, E. Camera, and M. Picardo, “Chemical and instrumental approaches to treat hyperpigmentation,” Pigment Cell Research, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 101–110, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Tsukamoto, I. J. Jackson, K. Urabe, P. M. Montague, and V. J. Hearing, “A second tyrosinase-related protein, TRP-2, is a melanogenic enzyme termed DOPAchrome tautomerase,” EMBO Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 519–526, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. Kameyama, T. Takemura, Y. Hamada et al., “Pigment production in murine melanoma cells is regulated by tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP1), DOPAchrome tautomerase (TRP2), and a melanogenic inhibitor,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 126–131, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Brenner and V. J. Hearing, “Modifying skin pigmentation—approaches through intrinsic biochemistry and exogenous agents,” Drug Discovery Today, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. e189–e199, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J.-P. Ortonne, A. G. Pandya, H. Lui, and D. Hexsel, “Treatment of solar lentigines,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. S262–S271, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. R. Kanthraj, “Skin-lightening agents: new chemical and plant extracts -ongoing search for the holy grail!,” The Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 3–6, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Parvez, M. Kang, H.-S. Chung et al., “Survey and mechanism of skin depigmenting and lightening agents,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 921–934, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Kawano, K. Matsuyama, Y. Miyamae et al., “Antimelanogenesis effect of Tunisian herb Thymelaea hirsuta extract on B16 murine melanoma cells,” Experimental Dermatology, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 977–984, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. O. Villareal, J. Han, P. Yamada, H. Shigemori, and H. Isoda, “Hirseins inhibit melanogenesis by regulating the gene expressions of Mitf and melanogenesis enzymes,” Experimental Dermatology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 450–457, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Solano, S. Briganti, M. Picardo, and G. Ghanem, “Hypopigmenting agents: an updated review on biological, chemical and clinical aspects,” Pigment Cell Research, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 550–571, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. A. Arndt and T. B. Fitzpatrick, “Topical use of hydroquinone as a depigmenting agent,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 194, no. 9, pp. 965–967, 1965. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Maeda and M. Naganuma, “Topical trans-4-aminomethylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid prevents ultraviolet radiation-induced pigmentation,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B, vol. 47, no. 2-3, pp. 136–141, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Nakagawa, K. Kawai, and K. Kawai, “Contact allergy to kojic acid in skin care products,” Contact Dermatitis, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 9–13, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. Raynaud, C. Cellier, and J.-L. Perret, “Depigmentation for cosmetic purposes: prevalence and side-effects in a female population in Senegal,” Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie, vol. 128, no. 6-7, pp. 720–724, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y.-J. Kim and H. Uyama, “Tyrosinase inhibitors from natural and synthetic sources: structure, inhibition mechanism and perspective for the future,” Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol. 62, no. 15, pp. 1707–1723, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Hayakawa, “Clinical research group on a combination preparation of vitamins E and C. Effects of combination preparation of vitamin E and C in comparison with single preparation to the patients of facial hyperpigmentation: a double-blind controlled clinical trial,” Nishinihon Journal of Dermatology, vol. 42, pp. 1024–1034, 1980 (Japanese). View at Google Scholar
  25. Y. Funasaka, M. Komoto, and M. Ichihashi, “Depigmenting effect of α-tocopheryl ferulate on normal human melanocytes,” Pigment Cell Research, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 170–174, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. Stahl and H. Sies, “Lycopene: a biologically important carotenoid for humans?” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 336, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Miraliakbari and F. Shahidi, “Antioxidant activity of minor components of tree nut oils,” Food Chemistry, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 421–427, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Bounatirou, S. Smiti, M. G. Miguel et al., “Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the essential oils isolated from Tunisian Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link,” Food Chemistry, vol. 105, no. 1, pp. 146–155, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Berrougui, A. Ettaib, M. D. H. Gonzalez, M. A. de Sotomayor, N. Bennani-Kabchi, and M. Hmamouchi, “Hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic effect of argan oil (Argania spinosa L.) in Meriones shawi rats,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 15–18, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. J. Lybbert, C. B. Barrett, and H. Narjisse, “Market-based conservation and local benefits: the case of argan oil in Morocco,” Ecological Economics, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 125–144, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. U. Schallreuter, J. M. Wood, M. R. Pittelkow et al., “Regulation of melanin biosynthesis in the human epidermis by tetrahydrobiopterin,” Science, vol. 263, no. 5152, pp. 1444–1446, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Iwata, T. Corn, S. Iwata, M. A. Everett, and B. B. Fuller, “The relationship between tyrosinase activity and skin color in human foreskins,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 9–15, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. Iozumi, G. E. Hoganson, R. Pennella, M. A. Everett, and B. B. Fuller, “Role of tyrosinase as the determinant of pigmentation in cultured human melanocytes,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 100, no. 6, pp. 806–811, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. K. Maeda and M. Fukuda, “In vitro effectiveness of several whitening cosmetic components in human melanocytes,” Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists, vol. 42, pp. 361–368, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  35. K. Maeda and M. Fukuda, “Arbutin: mechanism of its depigmenting action in human melanocyte culture,” Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 276, no. 2, pp. 765–769, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. P. S. Budd and I. J. Jackson, “Structure of the mouse tyrosinase-related protein-2/dopachrome tautomerase (Tyrp2/Dct) gene and sequence of two novel slaty alleles,” Genomics, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. T. Kobayashi, K. Urabe, A. Winder et al., “Tyrosinase related protein 1 (TRP1) functions as a DHICA oxidase in melanin biosynthesis,” EMBO Journal, vol. 13, no. 24, pp. 5818–5825, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. I. J. Jackson, D. M. Chambers, P. S. Budd, and R. Johnson, “The tyrosinase-related protein-1 gene has a structure and promoter sequence very different from tyrosinase,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 3799–3804, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. C. A. Ferguson and S. H. Kidson, “The regulation of tyrosinase gene transcription,” Pigment Cell Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 127–138, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Ando, A. Itoh, Y. Mishima, and M. Ichihashi, “Correlation between the number of melanosomes, tyrosinase mRNA levels, and tyrosinase activity in cultured murine melanoma cells in response to various melanogenesis regulatory agents,” Journal of Cellular Physiology, vol. 163, no. 3, pp. 608–614, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. Bellei, V. Maresca, E. Flori, A. Pitisci, L. Larue, and M. Picardo, “p38 regulates pigmentation via proteasomal degradation of tyrosinase,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 285, no. 10, pp. 7288–7299, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H. R. Widlund and D. E. Fisher, “Microphthalamia-associated transcription factor: a critical regulator of pigment cell development and survival,” Oncogene, vol. 22, no. 20, pp. 3035–3041, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. D.-S. Kim, E.-S. Hwang, J.-E. Lee, S.-Y. Kim, S.-B. Kwon, and K.-C. Park, “Sphingosine-1-phosphate decreases melanin synthesis via sustained ERK activation and subsequent MITF degradation,” Journal of Cell Science, vol. 116, no. 9, pp. 1699–1706, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. R. Buscà and R. Ballotti, “Cyclic AMP a key messenger in the regulation of skin pigmentation,” Pigment Cell Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 60–69, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. Kamei, Y. Otsuka, and K. Abe, “Comparison of the inhibitory effects of vitamin e analogues on melanogenesis in mouse B16 melanoma cells,” Cytotechnology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 183–190, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. K. Shimizu, R. Kondo, K. Sakai, N. Takeda, T. Nagahata, and T. Oniki, “Novel vitamin E derivative with 4-substituted resorcinol moiety has both antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitory properties,” Lipids, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1321–1326, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P. J. Houghton, “The role of plants in traditional medicine and current therapy,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 131–143, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. Y. Fujiwara, Y. Sahashi, M. Aritro et al., “Effect of simultaneous administration of vitamin C, L-cysteine and vitamin e on the melanogenesis,” BioFactors, vol. 21, no. 1–4, pp. 415–418, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. A. L. Kadekaro, J. Chen, J. Yang et al., “Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone suppresses oxidative stress through a p53-mediated signaling pathway in human melanocytes,” Molecular Cancer Research, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 778–786, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  50. J. D. Phillipson, “A matter of some sensitivity,” Phytochemistry, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1319–1343, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. D. Phillipson, “Phytochemistry and medicinal plants,” Phytochemistry, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 237–243, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. H. E. Monfalouti, D. Guillaume, C. Denhez, and Z. Charrouf, “Therapeutic potential of argan oil: a review,” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 1669–1675, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus