Table 2: Antimicrobial activity of liverwort P. arboris-vitae methanol, ethanol, and ethyl acetate extracts (mg/mL).

MicroorganismsP. arboris-vitae extract (mg/mL)Control
MeOHEtOHEtOAcStrep.Cyclo.
MICMBC/MYCMICMBC/MYCMICMBC/MYCMICMIC

S. Enteritidis 5551.521.52230.05
E. coli 1551.521.52.5230.05
L. monocytogenes 56 Ly1.2521.2521.530.02
S. cerevisiae 63511.51212<0.05
Z. bailii 4511.51.2521.52.5<0.05
A. pullulans L6F11.51212<0.05
P. membranaefaciens OC 7111.51.252.51.52.5<0.05
P. membranaefaciens OC 7011.51.252.51.52.5<0.05
P. anomala CBS 57590.5111.51.252<0.05
P. anomala DBVPG 300311.51.252.51.252<0.05
Y. lipolytica RO 130.51.511.511.5 0.02

MIC: minimal inhibitory concentration; MBC: minimal bactericidal concentration; MYC: Minimal Yeast-cidal Concentration (MYC); MeOH: methanolic extract; EtOH: ethanolic extract; EtOAc: ethyl acetate extract; Strep.: streptomycine; Cyclo.: cycloheximide.