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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 403251, 7 pages
Research Article

Effects of Aroma Massage on Home Blood Pressure, Ambulatory Blood Pressure, and Sleep Quality in Middle-Aged Women with Hypertension

1Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon 302-799, Republic of Korea
2Smart Hospital, Daejeon 302-859, Republic of Korea
3Kunsan College of Nursing, Gunsan 573-719, Republic of Korea
4College of Nursing, Eulji University, 143-5 Yongdudong, Jung-gu, Daejeon 302-832, Republic of Korea
5Medical Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 305-811, Republic of Korea

Received 22 October 2012; Revised 8 December 2012; Accepted 9 December 2012

Academic Editor: Jenny M. Wilkinson

Copyright © 2013 Myeong-Sook Ju et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of aroma massage applied to middle-aged women with hypertension. The research study had a nonequivalent control group, nonsynchronized design to investigate the effect on home blood pressure (BP), ambulatory BP, and sleep. The hypertensive patients were allocated into the aroma massage group ( ), the placebo group ( ), and the no-treatment control group ( ). To evaluate the effects of aroma massage, the experimental group received a massage with essential oils prescribed by an aromatherapist once a week and body cream once a day. The placebo group received a massage using artificial fragrance oil once a week and body cream once a day. BP, pulse rate, sleep conditions, and 24-hour ambulatory BP were monitored before and after the experiment. There was a significant difference in home systolic blood pressure (SBP) ( , ) between groups after intervention. There was also a significant difference in SBP ( , ) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ( , ) in the laboratory between aroma massage and placebo groups. In sleep quality, there was a significant difference between groups ( , ). In conclusion, aroma massage may help improve patient quality of life and maintain health as a nursing intervention in daily life.