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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 424313, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/424313
Research Article

Effect of Facial Cosmetic Acupuncture on Facial Elasticity: An Open-Label, Single-Arm Pilot Study

1Department of Dermatology of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, No. 149 Sangil-dong, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 134-727, Republic of Korea
2Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701, Republic of Korea
3Kyung Hee Center for Clinical Research and Drug Development, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegidong, Dongdaemungu, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea
4Department of Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Republic of Korea

Received 5 April 2013; Accepted 4 July 2013

Academic Editor: Bo-Hyoung Jang

Copyright © 2013 Younghee Yun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The use of acupuncture for cosmetic purposes has gained popularity worldwide. Facial cosmetic acupuncture (FCA) is applied to the head, face, and neck. However, little evidence supports the efficacy and safety of FCA. We hypothesized that FCA affects facial elasticity by restoring resting mimetic muscle tone through the insertion of needles into the muscles of the head, face, and neck. Methods. This open-label, single-arm pilot study was implemented at Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong from August through September 2011. Participants were women aged 40 to 59 years with a Glogau photoaging scale III. Participants received five treatment sessions over three weeks. Participants were measured before and after FCA. The primary outcome was the Moire topography criteria. The secondary outcome was a patient-oriented self-assessment scale of facial elasticity. Results. Among 50 women screened, 28 were eligible and 27 completed the five FCA treatment sessions. A significant improvement after FCA treatment was evident according to mean change in Moire topography criteria (from 1.70 ± 0.724 to 2.26 ± 1.059, ). The most common adverse event was mild bruising at the needle site. Conclusions. In this pilot study, FCA showed promising results as a therapy for facial elasticity. However, further large-scale trials with a controlled design and objective measurements are needed.