Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Stimulation Effect of Auricular Magnetic Press Pellets on Older Female Adults with Sleep Disturbance Undergoing Polysomnographic Evaluation

Table 1

Demographic data of participants in the experimental and control group.

VariablesExperiment ( )Control ( )
Mean ± SDMean ± SD

Age, years57.0 ± 4.656.8 ± 4.9
Insomnia duration, month92.4 ± 84.39105.5 ± 102.83
BMI#, %22.59 ± 2.7422.56 ± 2.98
MMSE#29.2 ± 0.928.9 ± 1.3
HADS#_anxiety3.6 ± 3.33.4 ± 2.5
HADS#_depression2.9 ± 2.72.9 ± 2.4

n/(%)n/(%)

Retired4 (28.6%)5 (38.5%)
Education level
 Middle school or below4 (28.6%)5 (38.5%)
 High school 6 (42.8%)6 (46.2%)
 College or above4 (28.6%)2 (15.4%)
Marriage: married11 (78.6%)10 (76.9%)
Religion
 None or other2 (14.2%)2 (15.4%)
 Buddhist6 (42.9%)5 (38.5%)
 Folk religion6 (42.9%)6 (46.2%)
Living status
 With spouse4 (28.6%)1 (7.7%)
 With children3 (21.4%)7 (53.8%)
 With spouse and
 children
5 (35.7%)4 (30.8%)
 Other2 (14.3%)1 (7.7%)
Other family members suffering from insomnia6 (42.9%)7 (53.8%)

BMI: body mass index; MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination; HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.