Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Anacardic Acids from Cashew Nuts Ameliorate Lung Damage Induced by Exposure to Diesel Exhaust Particles in Mice

Table 1

Effects of supplementation with anacardic acids on the cellular profile of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in mice instilled with diesel exhaust particles.

Differential cells ( 104)CtrlDEPDA50DA150DA250

Total Cells
Eosinophils0.00 (0.00)0.00 (0.06)0.00 (0.02)0.00 (0.19)0.00 (0.00)
Neutrophils0.04 (0.24)0.12 (0.13)0.21 (0.36)0.20 (0.31)0.23 (0.10)a
Lymphocytes
Macrophages
Caliciform cells
Ciliary cells

Values are expressed as the means ± SD or as medians (interquartile range). P < 0.05 significant difference compared to DEP. AAs: anacardic acids. Ctrl: control, animals received an intranasal instillation of 10  L saline solution and were treated orally with 100  L of cashew nut oil (CNO). DEP: diesel exhaust particles, intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 100  L of CNO. DA50: intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 50 mg/kg of AAs. DA150: intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 150 mg/kg of AAs. DA250: intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 250 mg/kg of AAs.