Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Anacardic Acids from Cashew Nuts Ameliorate Lung Damage Induced by Exposure to Diesel Exhaust Particles in Mice

Table 2

Effects of supplementation with anacardic acids on cytokine concentration in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in mice instilled with diesel exhaust particles.

CytokinesCtrlDEPDA50DA150DA250

IL-1β (ρg/mL)
TNF-α (ρg/mL)
IL-6 (ρg/mL)
IL-10 (ρg/mL)

Values are expressed as the means ± SD. P < 0.001 statistical difference compared to Ctrl. P < 0.05 significant difference compared to DEP. AAs: anacardic acids. Ctrl: control, animals received an intranasal instillation of 10  L saline solution and were treated orally with 100  L of cashew nut oil (CNO). DEP: diesel exhaust particles, intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 100  L of CNO. DA50: intranasal instillation of 50 μg DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 50 mg/kg of AAs. DA150: intranasal instillation of 50  g DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 150 mg/kg of AAs. DA250: intranasal instillation of 50 μg DEP/10  L of saline and treated orally with 250 mg/kg of AAs.