Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Reconstructive Effects of Percutaneous Electrical Stimulation Combined with GGT Composite on Large Bone Defect in Rats

Figure 3

This figure shows the X-ray images. The top of each image corresponds to the front part of the rats, where the cathode is connected, and the bottom is the back part, where the anode is attached. (a), (c), and (e) display the results of the ES groups after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of bone repair, respectively. (b), (d), and (f) show the corresponding images of the control groups, in which non-ES was performed. In the ES groups, the new bone mostly formed on bilateral sides, whereas the new bone was U-shape in the non-ES groups (NB: new bone; GGT: genipin cross-linked gelatin mixed with tricalcium phosphate).
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(c)
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(d)
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