Reconstructive Effects of Percutaneous Electrical Stimulation Combined with GGT Composite on Large Bone Defect in Rats
This figure shows longitudinal sections with ALP stain. The left side represents the far-end, in the direction of the cathode; the right side indicates the near-end, near the anode. For the ES group, the ALP accumulates on the left side after 12 weeks, as shown in (a); (b) illustrates the uniform distribution of ALP in the non-ES groups. The results indicate that osteoblasts are more active near the cathode in the ES groups.
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