Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Orally Administrated Denatured Naja Naja Atra Venom on Murine Rheumatoid Arthritis Models

Figure 4

Effects of the denatured NNAV on hyperalgesia in AIA rats. Mechanical allodynia was measured by the up-down method. (a) and (b) represent pretreatment protocol and posttreatment protocol, respectively. Data represent mean ± SD ( ). ### compared with normal control group, * , ** , *** compared with untreated arthritis group, †† denatured NNAV (270 μg/kg) versus TWP (15 mg/kg), Δ denatured NNAV (90 μg/kg) versus native NNAV (90 μg/kg).
616241.fig.004a
(a)
616241.fig.004b
(b)

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