Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Fig 4

Research Article

Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Orally Administrated Denatured Naja Naja Atra Venom on Murine Rheumatoid Arthritis Models

Figure 4

Effects of the denatured NNAV on hyperalgesia in AIA rats. Mechanical allodynia was measured by the up-down method. (a) and (b) represent pretreatment protocol and posttreatment protocol, respectively. Data represent mean ± SD ( ). ### compared with normal control group, * , ** , *** compared with untreated arthritis group, †† denatured NNAV (270 μg/kg) versus TWP (15 mg/kg), Δ denatured NNAV (90 μg/kg) versus native NNAV (90 μg/kg).

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19.