Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Carica papaya Leaves Juice Significantly Accelerates the Rate of Increase in Platelet Count among Patients with Dengue Fever and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever

Table 1

Demographic characteristics and baseline biochemistry investigation of respondents by treatment.

Demographic characteristicsInterventional group 
(%)
Control group 
(%)
(df)* value

Gender
 Men91 (46.9)103 (53.1)1.644 (1)0.200
 Women20 (58.8)14 (41.2)
Ethnicity
 Malay77 (48.1)83 (51.9)
 Chinese4 (57.1)3 (42.9)
 Indian11 (50.0)11 (50.0)
 Others19 (48.7)20 (51.3)
Age (mean/SD) 30.4 (10.3) 26.4 (7.3)−3.370††0.001
Type of dengue fever
 Classical dengue fever42 (53.2)37 (46.8)0.971 (1)0.324
 Dengue haemorrhagic fever69 (46.3)80 (53.7)
Baseline Haematology investigation
 Platelet count ( 103/μL)66.4 (22.8)69.0 (22.6)0.847††0.398
 Total white blood cell ( 103/ L)3.4 (1.7)3.3 (1.6)−0.297††0.766
 Haemoglobin (g/%)13.9 (1.5)14.2 (1.4)1.595††0.112
 Haematocrit (%)41.5 (4.2)42.9 (6.0)1.878††0.062
 Lymphocytes (%)41.8 (14.2)40.9 (14.8)−0.459††0.646
 Neutrophils (%)42.1 (17.7)42.1 (19.4)0.017††0.987

Pearson Chi-Square. Df (degree of freedom), mean and standard deviation, †† -value for independent samples -test.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.