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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 704947, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/704947
Research Article

The Biological Activity of Propolis-Containing Toothpaste on Oral Health Environment in Patients Who Underwent Implant-Supported Prosthodontic Rehabilitation

1Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Plac Akademicki 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
2Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodontics, Medical University of Silesia, Plac Akademicki 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of Silesia, Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland
4Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University of Silesia, Plac Akademicki 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
5Department of Orthodontics, Medical University of Silesia, Plac Akademicki 17, 41-902 Bytom, Poland
6Department of Descriptive and Topographic Anatomy, Medical University of Silesia, Jordana 19, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland
7Division of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Oral Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Ulica Nowogrodzka 59, 02-006 Warszawa, Poland
8Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Wrocław Medical University, 50-425 Wrocław, Poland

Received 31 March 2013; Accepted 20 April 2013

Academic Editor: Ewelina Szliszka

Copyright © 2013 Tadeusz Morawiec et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The soft and periodontal tissues surrounding dental implants are particularly susceptible to bacteria invasion and inflammatory reactions due to complex histological structures. This study was carried out to investigate the influence of a propolis-containing hygienic agent on selected oral health parameters, oral microflora, and the condition of periodontal health. Sixteen subjects who underwent an oral rehabilitation with dental implants were selected and randomly assigned into two groups, which received a newly formulated propolis-containing toothpaste (3% (CA)) or a negative control without an active ingredient (CC). Approximal plaque index (API), oral hygiene index (OHI, debris component), and sulcus bleeding index (SBI) were assessed in three subsequent stages. During the first and last examinations, the swabs were employed for microbiological inoculation. Propolis-containing toothpaste was found to be distinctively effective in improving oral health and the occurrence of gingivitis triggered by dental plaque. The qualitative and quantitative changes in oral bacteria spectrum were observed. Antibacterial measures containing propolis might be used as a natural adjuvant to other active substances in individuals with a high risk of periodontal problems against pathogenic oral microflora.