Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 709028, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/709028
Review Article

Parkia speciosa Hassk.: A Potential Phytomedicine

1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, UKMMC, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, UKMMC, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 1 February 2013; Accepted 17 June 2013

Academic Editor: Tanawan Kummalue

Copyright © 2013 Yusof Kamisah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. J. S. J. Samuel, A. Kalusalingam, D. K. Chellappan et al., “Ethnomedical survey of plants used by the Orang Asli in Kampung Bawong, Perak, West Malaysia,” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, vol. 6, article 5, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Rozaq and N. Sofriani, “Organic pesticide from urine and spices modification,” Asian Journal of Food and Agro-Industry, pp. S105–S111, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  3. C. Orwa, A. Mutua, R. Kindt, R. Jamnadass, and A. Simons, “Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide,” Version 4.0, 2009, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/.
  4. P. Tangkanakul, G. Trakoontivakorn, and C. Jariyavattanavijit, “Extracts of Thai indigenous vegetables as rancid inhibitor in a model system,” Kasetsart Journal, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 274–283, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  5. T. Tunsaringkarn, S. Soogarun, A. Rungsiyothin, and A. Palasuwan, “Inhibitory activity of Heinz body induction in vitro antioxidant model and tannin concentration of Thai mimosaceous plant extracts,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 6, no. 24, pp. 4096–4101, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  6. T. K. Lim, “Parkia speciosa,” in Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants: Fruits, vol. 2, pp. 798–803, Springer Science Business Media, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  7. A. Nurul Izzah, A. Aminah, A. Md Pauzi, Y. H. Lee, W. M. Wan Rozita, and D. Siti Fatimah, “Patterns of fruits and vegetable consumption among adults of different ethnics in Selangor, Malaysia,” International Food Research Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1095–1107, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Milow, N. H. Ghazali, N. S. Mohammad, and H. C. Ong, “Characterization of plant resource at Kampung Parit Tok Ngah, Perak, Malaysia,” Scientific Research and Essays, vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 2606–2618, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. A. Azliza, H. C. Ong, S. Vikineswary, A. Noorlidah, and N. W. Haron, “Ethno-medicinal resources used by the Temuan in Ulu Kuang Village,” Ethno Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Maisuthisakul, S. Pasuk, and P. Ritthiruangdej, “Relationship between antioxidant properties and chemical composition of some Thai plants,” Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 229–240, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. S. Ching and S. Mohamed, “Alpha-tocopherol content in 62 edible tropical plants,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 3101–3105, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. K. Taungbodhitham, “Thiamin content and activity of antithiamin factor in vegetables of southern Thailand,” Food Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 285–288, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Sarwar Gilani, C. Wu Xiao, and K. A. Cockell, “Impact of antinutritional factors in food proteins on the digestibility of protein and the bioavailability of amino acids and on protein quality,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 108, no. 2, supplement, pp. S315–S332, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. C. Y. Mohd Azizi, Z. Salman, N. A. Nik Norulain, and A. K. Mohd Omar, “Extraction and identification of compounds from Parkia speciosa seeds by supercritical carbon dioxide,” Journal of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 153–163, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  15. N. A. R. Nik Norulaini, S. Zhari, M. Z. I. Sarker, S. Ferdosh, M. A. Che Yunus, and M. O. Abd Kadir, “Profile of Parkia speciosa Hassk metabolites extracted with SFE using FTIR- PCA Method,” Journal of Chinese Chemical Society, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 1–9, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. Manoharan, D. Palanimuthu, N. Baskaran, and S. Silvan, “Modulating effect of lupeol on the expression pattern of apoptotic markers in 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced oral carcinogenesis,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 5753–5757, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. F. Chen, C. Ching, T. S. Wu, C. R. Wu, W. T. Hsieh, and H. Y. Tsai, “Balanophora spicata and lupeol acetate possess antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities in vivo and in vitro,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2012, Article ID 371273, 20 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. K. H. Miean and S. Mohamed, “Flavonoid (myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, and apigenin) content of edible tropical plants,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 3106–3112, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Gmelin, R. Susilo, and G. R. Fenwick, “Cyclic polysulphides from Parkia speciosa,” Phytochemistry, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 2521–2523, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Susilo and R. Gmelin, “Precursor of cyclic polysulphides in seeds of Parkia speciosa,” Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, vol. 37, pp. 584–586, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  21. W. Suvachittanont, Y. Kurashima, H. Esumi, and M. Tsuda, “Formation of thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (thioproline), an effective nitrite-trapping agent in human body, in Parkia speciosa seeds and other edible leguminous seeds in Thailand,” Food Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 359–363, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, J. T. Dalton, D. D. Miller, and W. Li, “Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of imidazole and imidazoline analogs for melanoma,” Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 3183–3187, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. X.-F. Leong, J. Salimon, M. R. Mustafa, and K. Jaarin, “Effect of repeatedly heated palm olein on blood pressure-regulating enzymes activity and lipid peroxidation in rats,” Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 20–29, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Kamisah, M. Y. Norhayati, B. Zakri, and A. Y. Asmadi, “The effects of palmvitee on δ-aminolevulinic acid-induced hyperbilirubinaemia in suckling rats,” Archives of Medical Science, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 329–334, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. A. Mohd Fahami, I. A. Ibrahim, Y. Kamisah, and N. Mohd Ismail, “Palm vitamin E reduces catecholamines, xanthine oxidase activity and gastric lesions in rats exposed to water-immersion restraint stress,” BMC Gastroenterology, vol. 12, article 54, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. K. Z. Norsidah, A. Y. Asmadi, A. Azizi, O. Faizah, and Y. Kamisah, “Palm tocotrienol-rich fraction reduced plasma homocysteine and heart oxidative stress in rats fed with a high-methionine diet,” Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  27. O. Zitka, S. Skalickova, J. Gumulec et al., “Redox status expressed as GSH : GSSG ratio as a marker for oxidative stress in paediatric tumour patients,” Oncology Letters, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 1247–1253, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Lacroix, C. D. Rosiers, J. C. Tardif, and A. Nigam, “The role of oxidative stress in postprandial endothelial dysfunction,” Nutrition Research Reviews, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 288–301, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  29. H. Kaneto and T. A. Matsuoka, “Involvement of oxidative stress in suppression of insulin biosynthesis under diabetic conditions,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 13680–13690, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  30. S. F. S. Reihani and M. E. Azhar, “Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content in aqueous extracts of selected traditional Malay salads (Ulam),” International Food Research Journal, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1439–1444, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  31. R. Razab and A. A. Aziz, “Antioxidants from tropical herbs,” Natural Product Communications, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 441–445, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Ayub Ali, K. Victoria Chanu, and L. Inaotombi Devi, “Antioxidant capacities of vegetables consumed in north east india assessed by three different in vitro assays,” International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 118–123, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. P. Wong, L. P. Leong, and J. H. William Koh, “Antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts of selected plants,” Food Chemistry, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 775–783, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. Tangkanakul, G. Trakoontivakorn, J. Saengprakai et al., “Antioxidant capacity and antimutagenicity of thermal processed Thai foods,” Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 211–218, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Ramli, S. Bunrathep, T. Tansaringkarn, and N. Ruangrungsi, “Screening for free radical scavenging activity from ethanolic extract of mimosaceous plants endemic to Thailand,” Journal of Health Research, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 55–59, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  36. J. C. Pickup, “Insulin-pump therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 366, no. 17, pp. 1616–1624, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. Little, E. Feldman, and R. A. C. Hughes, “Enhanced glycemic control for preventing and treating diabetic neuropathy,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 6, Article ID CD007543, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. F. Jamaluddin and S. Mohamed, “Hypoglycemic effect of extracts of petai papan (Parkia speciosa, Hassk),” Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 161–165, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  39. F. Jamaluddin, S. Mohamed, and M. N. Lajis, “Hypoglycaemic effect of Parkia speciosa seeds due to the synergistic action of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol,” Food Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 339–345, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. F. Jamaluddin, S. Mohamed, and N. Lajis Md., “Hypoglycaemic effect of stigmast-4-en-3 one, from Parkia speciosa empty pods,” Food Chemistry, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 9–13, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. S. Al-Zuhair, A. Dowaidar, and H. Kamal, “Inhibitory effects of dates-extract on α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes relevant to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Biochemical Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 158–160, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  42. G. Williamson, “Possible effects of dietary polyphenols on sugar absorption and digestion,” Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 48–57, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  43. J.-L. Chiasson, R. G. Josse, R. Gomis, M. Hanefeld, A. Karasik, and M. Laakso, “Acarbose for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the STOP-NIDDM randomised trial,” Lancet, vol. 359, no. 9323, pp. 2072–2077, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. H. Bischoff, “Pharmacology of α-glucosidase inhibition,” European Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 24, no. 3, supplement, pp. 3–10, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. H. Ali, P. J. Houghton, and A. Soumyanath, “α-Amylase inhibitory activity of some Malaysian plants used to treat diabetes; with particular reference to Phyllanthus amarus,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 449–455, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. T. Tunsaringkarn, A. Rungsiyothin, and N. Ruangrungsi, “α-Glucosidase inhibitory activity of water soluble extract from Thai mimosaceous plants,” The Public Health Journal of Burapha University, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 54–63, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  47. K. Chankhamjon, A. Petsom, N. Sawasdipuksa, and P. Sangvanich, “Hemagglutinating activity of proteins from Parkia speciosa seeds,” Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 81–88, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. T. Tunsaringkarn, A. Rungsiyothin, and N. Ruangrungsi, “α-Glucosidase inhibitory activity of Thai mimosaceous plant extracts,” Journal of Health Research, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 29–33, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  49. P. J. Houghton, M.-J. Howes, C. C. Lee, and G. Steventon, “Uses and abuses of in vitro tests in ethnopharmacology: visualizing an elephant,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 391–400, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. A. Murakami, A. M. Ali, K. Mat-Salleh, K. Koshimizu, and H. Ohigashi, “Screening for the in vitro anti-tumor-promoting activities of edible plants from Malaysia,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 9–16, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. Chanvitan, S. Unolcholket, V. Chongsuvivatwong, and A. Geater, “Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma in southern Thailand,” in Esophageal Canver Studies in Southern Thailand, A. Chanvitan, Ed., pp. 81–100, Medical Media, Bangkok, Thailand, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  52. A. F. A. Aisha, K. M. Abu-Salah, Y. Darwis, and A. M. S. Abdul Majid, “Screening of antiangiogenie activity of some tropical plants by rat aorta ring assay,” International Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 370–376, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. A. F. A. Aisha, K. M. Abu-Salah, S. A. Alrokayan, Z. Ismail, and A. M. S. Abdul Majid, “Evaluation of antiangiogenic and antoxidant properties of Parkia speciosa Hassk extracts,” Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 7–14, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. R. S. Singh, R. Bhari, and H. P. Kaur, “Mushroom lectins: current status and future perspectives,” Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 99–126, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. W. Suvachittanont and P. Jaranchavanapet, “Mitogenic effect of Parkia speciosa seed lectin on human lymphocytes,” Planta Medica, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 699–704, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. W. Suvachittanont and A. Peutpaiboon, “Lectin from Parkia speciosa seeds,” Phytochemistry, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 4065–4070, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. K. F. Schertz, W. C. Boyd, W. Jurgelsky, and E. Cabanillas, “Seed extracts with agglutinating activity for human blood,” Economic Botany, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 232–240, 1958. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. S.-H. Lee, H. S. Lillehoj, R. A. Heckert et al., “Immune enhancing properties of safflower leaf (Carthamus tinctorius) on chicken lymphocytes and macrophages,” Journal of Poultry Science, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 147–151, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. H. Nakatogawa and Y. Ohsumi, “Starved cells eat ribosomes,” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 505–507, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. M. Suo, K.-I. Mukaisho, A. Shimomura, H. Sugihara, and T. Hattori, “Thioproline prevents carcinogenesis in the remnant stomach induced by duodenal reflux,” Cancer Letters, vol. 237, no. 2, pp. 256–262, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. Y. Liu, F. Jing, Y. Xu et al., “Design, synthesis and biological activity of thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid derivatives as novel influenza neuraminidase inhibitors,” Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 2342–2348, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. A. M. Uyub, I. N. Nwachukwu, A. A. Azlan, and S. S. Fariza, “In-vitro antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity of selected medicinal plant extracts from penang island Malaysia on metronidazole-resistant Helicobacter pylori and some pathogenic bacteria,” Ethnobotany Research and Applications, vol. 8, pp. 95–106, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. A. Sakunpak and P. Panichayupakaranant, “Antibacterial activity of Thai edible plants against gastrointestinal pathogenic bacteria and isolation of a new broad spectrum antibacterial polyisoprenylated benzophenone, chamuangone,” Food Chemistry, vol. 130, no. 4, pp. 826–831, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. N. Musa, L. S. Wei, C. T. Seng, W. Wee, and L. K. Leong, “Potential of edible plants as remedies of systemic bacterial disease infection in cultured fish,” Global Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 31–36, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  65. D. J. Leaman, J. T. Arnason, R. Yusuf et al., “Malaria remedies of the Kenyah of the Apo Kayan, East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo: a quantitative assessment of local consensus as an indicator of biological efficacy,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. H. C. Ong, N. Ahmad, and P. Milow, “Traditional medicinal plants used by the Temuan villagers in Kampung Tering, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia,” Studies on Ethno-Medicine, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 169–173, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. F. M. Gabhann, A. A. Qutub, B. H. Annex, and A. S. Popel, “Systems biology of pro-angiogenic therapies targeting the VEGF system,” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 694–707, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. H. Sang, N. Yuan, S. Yao et al., “Inhibitory effect of the combination therapy of simvastatin and pinocembrin on atherosclerosis in apoE-deficient mice,” Lipids in Health and Disease, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 166, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  69. J. H. Hong, B. Manochai, G. Trakoontivakorn, and V. N. Thalang, “Fibrinolytic activity of Thai indigenous vegetables,” Kasetsart Journal, vol. 38, pp. 241–246, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  70. V. B. Hoe and K. H. Siong, “The nutritional value of indigenous fruits and vegetables in Sarawak,” Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 24–31, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. N. Liliwirianis, N. L. W. Musa, W. Z. W. M. Zain, J. Kassim, and S. A. Karim, “Premilinary studies on phytochemical screening of ulam and fruit from malaysia,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. S285–S288, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus