Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Acupressure Improves the Weaning Indices of Tidal Volumes and Rapid Shallow Breathing Index in Stable Coma Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation: Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of participants.

CharacteristicOne-day acupressure ( )Two-day acupressure ( )Standard care ( )

BMI22.31 ± 4.7823.95 ± 5.0822.83 ± 5.110.56*
GCS4.59 ± 1.504.23 ± 1.824.81 ± 1.800.46*
APACHE II23.68 ± 8.7 0.73*

n (%)n (%)n (%)

Cigarette pack years0.38
 019 (59.4)24 (77.4)21 (67.7)
 1–19 2 (6.3)1 (3.2)4 (12.9)
 20 or over11 (34.4)6 (19.4)6 (19.4)
Length of ventilation prior to enrollment, 0.19
 ≤78 (25.0)12 (38.7)6 (19.4)
 8 to 1311 (34.4)13 (41.9)10 (32.3)
 14 to 208 (25.0)5 (16.1)7 (22.6)
 ≥215 (15.6)1 (3.2)8 (25.8)
Sex, male20 (62.5)10 (32.3)18 (58.1)0.04
Age, yr, ≥6528 (87.5)26 (83.9)21 (67.7)0.13
Hypertension history, present21 (65.6)17 (54.8)18 (58.1)0.68
CVA history, present14 (43.8)8 (25.8)6 (19.4)0.09
Setting0.16
 MICU-13 (9.4)5 (16.1)8 (25.8)
 MICU-36 (18.8)11 (35.5)7 (22.6)
 MICU-520 (62.5)14 (45.2)11 (35.5)
 RCC3 (9.4)1 (3.2)5 (16.1)
Intubation0.27
 Endotracheal tube27 (84.4)21 (67.7)25 (80.6)
 Tracheostomy5 (15.6)10 (32.3)6 (19.4)

Data are presented as mean ± SD or number (%) unless otherwise indicated; *Kruskal Wallis tests; and Fisher’s exact test; BMI: body mass index; GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale; APACHE: acute physiology and chronic health evaluation. ; ; .