Table 1: Comparison of G. cambogia, G. atroviridis, and G. indica [9, 11, 13, 44].

Species Common nameOrigin Feature

G. cambogia Asam GelugorIndia: found commonly in the evergreen forests of Western Ghats, from Konkan southward to Travancore, and in the Shola forests of Nilgiri.Small- or medium-sized tree with a rounded crown and horizontal or drooping branches, under the family of Guttiferae. Its fruits are ovoid, about 5 cm in diameter, yellow or red when ripe with six to eight grooves, enclosing six to eight seeds, and are edible.

G. atroviridis Asam GelugorSoutheast AsiaSmall- or medium-sized fruit tree, with drooping branches and ovoid fruits. The fruits are bright orange-yellow when ripe, globose with 12–16 grooves, about 7–10 cm in diameter, and fluted with a firmly textured outer rind and a rather thin and translucent pulp surrounding the seeds.

G. indica KokumIndia: the tropical rain forests of Western Ghats, from Konkan southward to Mysore, Coorg, and WayanadSlender evergreen tree with drooping branches. Its fruits are globose or spherical, 2–4 cm in diameter, dark purple when ripe with five to eight large seeds surrounded.