Table 3: Symptom preference for phlegm pattern diagnosis.

SymptomRanking (score mean)
First yearSecond yearThird yearFourth yearFifth year

Feeling heavy in the chest1 (3.78)5 (3.88)4 (3.82)3 (4.06)8 (3.79)
Unclearness in the head*12 (3.61)a9 (3.46)a3 (3.85)ab5 (3.91)ab5 (4.18)b
Feeling of foreign body in the throat*23 (3.57)a1.5 (4.07)ab1 (4.32)b2 (4.26)b2 (4.27)b
Sputum*24 (3.54)a1.5 (4.07)ab2 (4.28)b1 (4.36)b3.5 (4.22)b
Fatigue5 (3.39)11.5 (3.39)13 (3.25)12 (3.45)10 (3.58)
Headache6 (3.35)10 (3.44)10 (3.46)14 (3.35)14 (3.29)
Yellow face7 (3.33)16 (3.22)18 (3.00)16 (3.24)20 (3.05)
Sickness*28.5 (3.30)a11.5 (3.39)a5 (3.65)ab4 (3.99)bc3.5 (4.22)c
Indigestion*18.5 (3.30)a6 (3.78)b9 (3.50)ab7.5 (3.80)b7 (3.88)b
Feeling of abdominal fullness*110.5 (3.24)a4 (3.95)b8 (3.54)ab7.5 (3.80)b6 (3.90)b
Rumbling sound in the abdomen**10.5 (3.24)14 (3.29)19.5 (2.91)18.5 (3.18)12 (3.40)
Dizziness*212 (3.22)a17 (3.20)a7 (3.56)ab6 (3.86)b1 (4.42)c
Cough**13 (3.17)8 (3.51)6 (3.60)15 (3.31)16.5 (3.14)
Shortness of breath14.5 (3.15)13 (3.32)11 (3.38)20 (3.12)18 (3.12)
Feeling heavy in the limbs14.5 (3.15)22.5 (2.88)21 (2.81)21 (3.06)22 (2.94)
Lumps*116.5 (3.11)a3 (3.98)b12 (3.26)a10.5 (3.46)ab19 (3.08)a
Dark circles under the eyes**16.5 (3.11)15 (3.24)15 (3.21)17 (3.23)9 (3.74)
Mucousy stool18 (3.09)21 (2.95)19.5 (2.91)18.5 (3.18)21 (3.04)
Poor appetite**19.5 (3.07)19 (3.00)14 (3.24)9 (3.48)11 (3.48)
Flank pain**19.5 (3.07)7 (3.59)17 (3.03)13 (3.39)16.5 (3.14)
Startled by faint noise**21.5 (2.89)25 (2.59)25 (2.29)24 (2.54)24 (2.55)
Joint pain**21.5 (2.89)18 (3.12)16 (3.07)10.5 (3.46)13 (3.39)
Palpitation**23 (2.87)22.5 (2.88)24 (2.41)23 (2.76)23 (2.87)
Tinnitus24 (2.83)20 (2.98)22 (2.79)22 (2.86)15 (3.22)
Itching**25 (2.59)24 (2.73)23 (2.51)25 (2.28)25 (2.40)

Symptoms of same ranking scored the median value.
Item that has statistically significant mean difference among groups by analysis of variance.
* /25 by the Bonferroni correction for the multiple comparisons.
** for the exploratory analysis.
1Scheffe’s test for the post hoc multiple comparisons of the equal variance assumed data.
2Dunnett’s test for the post hoc multiple comparisons of the unequal variance assumed data.
abcIndicators of the homogeneous subsets grouped by Scheffe’s test or Dunnett’s test in a row.