Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 897048, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/897048
Research Article

Acupuncture Deqi Intensity and Propagated Sensation along Channels May, Respectively, Differ due to Different Body Positions of Subjects

Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 37 Shi-Er-Qiao Road, Jinniu District, Chengdu, Sichuan 610075, China

Received 14 June 2013; Revised 23 August 2013; Accepted 31 August 2013

Academic Editor: Lijun Bai

Copyright © 2013 Xiang-Zhu Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Kong, R. Gollub, T. Huang et al., “Acupuncture DeQi, from qualitative history to quantitative measurement,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1059–1070, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. “The peripheral afferent pathway in acupuncture analgesia,” Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, vol. 6, pp. 360–364, 1974.
  3. M. Haake, H.-H. Müller, C. Schade-Brittinger et al., “German Acupuncture Trials (GERAC) for chronic low back pain: randomized, multicenter, blinded, parallel-group trial with 3 groups,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 167, no. 17, pp. 1892–1898, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Kong, D. T. Fufa, A. J. Gerber et al., “Psychophysical outcomes from a randomized pilot study of manual, electro, and sham acupuncture treatment on experimentally induced thermal pain,” Journal of Pain, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 55–64, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H.-P. Scharf, U. Mansmann, K. Streitberger et al., “Acupuncture and knee osteoarthritis: a three-armed randomized trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 145, no. 1, pp. 12–20, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. Takeda and J. Wessel, “Acupuncture for the treatment of pain of osteoarthritic knees,” Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 118–122, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. M. Berman, L. Lao, P. Langenberg, W. L. Lee, A. M. K. Gilpin, and M. C. Hochberg, “Effectiveness of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee. A randomized, controlled trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 141, no. 12, pp. 901–910, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Benham and M. I. Johnson, “Could acupuncture needle sensation be a predictor of analgesic response?” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 65–67, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Witt, B. Brinkhaus, S. Jena et al., “Acupuncture in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomised trial,” The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9480, pp. 136–143, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Vas, E. Perea-Milla, C. Méndez et al., “Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for chronic uncomplicated neck pain: a randomised controlled study,” Pain, vol. 126, no. 1–3, pp. 245–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. S. Yin, H.-J. Park, S.-Y. Kim et al., “Electroencephalogram changes according to the subjective acupuncture sensation,” Neurological Research, vol. 32, supplement 1, pp. S31–S36, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. White, P. Prescott, and G. Lewith, “Does needling sensation (deqi) affect treatment outcome in pain? Analysis of data from a larger single-blind, randomised controlled trial,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 120–125, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. F. Zhang and H. D. Wang, “Discussion on needling sensation, arrival of qi and needling response (Deqi),” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1132–1134, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. I. Johnson and A. E. Benham, “Acupuncture needle sensation: the emerging evidence,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 111–114, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Kou, I. Gareus, J. D. Bell et al., “Quantification of DeQi sensation by visual analog scales in healthy humans after immunostimulating acupuncture treatment,” American Journal of Chinese Medicine, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 753–765, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Z. P. Ji, “Studies on propagated sensation along channels. Present status and future prospects,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–6, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Liu, D. Zhuang, X. Yang et al., “Objective display on phenomena of propagated sensation along channels (PSC)–changes on the infrared thermal image channels pathway of upper extremity,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 239–244, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Pang and Z.-X. Wang, “Contribution of Zhenjiu jiayi jing (A-B classic of acupuncture and moxibustion) to surface anatomy,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 371–374, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. G. Jiang, “Clinical applications of point futu,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 6–8, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D.-X. Han, L.-X. Zhuang, and Y. Zhang, “Evaluation on efficacy of Jin's “Sanzhen” therapy combined with rehabilitation training for hemiplegia of stroke patients by Fugl-Meyer scale,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 209–214, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. J. Wang, X. R. Chang, J. Yan et al., “Comparative study on therapeutic effect between acupuncture at special acupoints and non-specific acupoints in foot yangming meridian for functional dyspepsia,” Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 703–708, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  22. G. Sun, “Clinical experience in application of the acupoint Futu,” Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 132–133, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. C. Lu, “Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion,” Indian Medical Journal, vol. 56, p. 54, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  24. K. K. S. Hui, E. E. Nixon, M. G. Vangel et al., “Characterization of the “deqi” response in acupuncture,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 7, article 33, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. MacPherson and A. Asghar, “Acupuncture needle sensations associated with DeQi: a classification based on experts' ratings,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 633–637, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. J. Mao, J. T. Farrar, K. Armstrong, A. Donahue, J. Ngo, and M. A. Bowman, “Deqi: Chinese acupuncture patients' experiences and beliefs regarding acupuncture needling sensation—an exploratory survey,” Acupuncture in Medicine, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 158–165, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. A. Vincent, P. H. Richardson, J. J. Black, and C. E. Pither, “The significance of needle placement site in acupuncture,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 489–496, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. White, F. Bishop, H. Hardy et al., “Southampton needle sensation questionnaire: development and validation of a measure to gauge acupuncture needle sensation,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 373–379, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. Zhou, J. Fang, X. Wang et al., “Characterization of DeQi with electroacupuncture at acupoints with different properties,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 1007–1013, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Y.-Z. He, B. Han, S.-F. Zheng et al., “Effect of different acupuncture needle-retaining time on hemorheology in ischemic stroke patients,” Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 338–341, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus