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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 917647, 12 pages
Review Article

Diet and Nutrition in Cancer Survivorship and Palliative Care

1Myrna Brind Center of Integrative Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
2Department of Clinical Oncology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Received 6 May 2013; Revised 7 September 2013; Accepted 18 September 2013

Academic Editor: Tuhinadri Sen

Copyright © 2013 Anthony J. Bazzan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The primary goal of palliative cancer care is typically to relieve suffering and improve quality of life. Most approaches to diet in this setting have focused only on eating as many calories as possible to avoid cachexia. However, as the concept of palliative care has evolved to include all aspects of cancer survivorship and not just end of life care, there is an increasing need to thoughtfully consider diet and nutrition approaches that can impact not only quality of life but overall health outcomes and perhaps even positively affect cancer recurrence and progression. In this regard, there has been a recent emphasis in the literature on nutrition and cancer as an important factor in both quality of life and in the pathophysiology of cancer. Hence, the primary purpose of this paper is to review the current data on diet and nutrition as it pertains to a wide range of cancer patients in the palliative care setting.