Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2013 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Empetrum nigrum var. japonicum Extract Suppresses Ultraviolet B-Induced Cell Damage via Absorption of Radiation and Inhibition of Oxidative Stress

Figure 3

ENE protects HaCaT keratinocytes against UVB-induced lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and DNA fragmentation. (a) Lipid hydroperoxide formation was detected by confocal microscopy after DPPP staining. (b) Protein oxidation was detected by measuring the amount of protein carbonyl formation. *Significantly different from control cells ( ); **significantly different from UVB-irradiated cells ( ). (c) DNA fragmentation was detected by an alkaline comet assay. *Significantly different from control cells ( ); **significantly different from UVB-irradiated cells ( ).
983609.fig.003a
(a)
983609.fig.003b
(b)
983609.fig.003c
(c)