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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 983974, 6 pages
Review Article

The Beginnings of Modern Research on Propolis in Poland

1Pedagogical University of Krakow, Karmelicka 41, 31-128 Krakow, Poland
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Jordana 19, Rokitnica, 41-808 Zabrze, Poland

Received 4 April 2013; Accepted 30 April 2013

Academic Editor: Zenon Czuba

Copyright © 2013 Andrzej K. Kuropatnicki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Propolis studies in Poland were initiated by Professor Stan Scheller in the 1960s. It was a team of Polish researchers who developed a method of introducing hydrophobic ethanol extracts of propolis (EEP) into aqueous solutions, which enabled the study of their biological properties. The studies performed in Poland showed that EEP possesses antioxidant, radioprotective, and immunostimulating properties. It was possible to demonstrate antibacterial activity of propolis on Gram-positive bacteria, virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and protozoa as well as stimulating activity of aqueous extracts of propolis on proliferation of cells in vitro. Polish investigators showed that propolis stimulates regeneration of tissue, acts as antioxidant and radioprotector, has strong immunostimulative properties, affects animals’ life span by extending it, and improves intellectual and life functions of the elderly.