Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Essential Oil of Artemisia annua L.: An Extraordinary Component with Numerous Antimicrobial Properties

Table 1

Compounds (>4%) isolated from essential oil of Artemisia annua L.

CompoundCountry%Reference

Artemisia alcoholChina (Cult)7.5[20]
USA-CA5.2[21]
Serbia4.8[10]

Artemisia ketoneNot stated38.0[22]
France52.5[23]
Serbia35.7[10]
Egypt13.9[15]
China2.21[11]
Bosnia30.7[9]
USA-CA35.7[24]
China (Cult)63.9[20]
USA-IN68.5[25]
England61.0[26]
Vietnam0.1–4.4[27]
Indian (Cult)58.8[28]
India (Cult)11.5[29]
Turkey22[19]

Borneol Not stated20.0[22]
England7.0[26]
China (Cult)15.9[30]

CampheneIran7[13]

Camphene hydrateUSA-IN12.0[25]

CamphorVietnam21.8[3]
Serbia4.2[10]
Egypt5.08[15]
France27.5[23]
China (Cult)21.8[20]
Vietnam (Cult)3.3[20]
Bosnia15.8[9]
Iran1.92[14]
Italy17.6[5]
Indian (Cult)15.75[28]
India (Cult)8.4[29]
France43.5[12]
Iran48[13]
Turkey31[19]

Trans-CariophylleneEgypt7.73[15]

-Caryo phylleneItaly9.0[5]
Vietnam (Cult)5.6[20]
Vietnam3.3–8.6[27]
China (Cult)5.98[30]
India (Cult)12.2[29]
France8.9[12]

Caryophyllene oxideChina5.13[11]

ChrysanthenoneVietnam1.1–7.3[27]
India (Cult)10.19[28]

1,8-CineolFrance 11.66[23]
Serbia5.5[10]
Egypt8.13[15]
Bosnia4.8[9]
USA-IN22.8[25]
USA-CA31.5[21]
Iran 9.4[13]
Iran11.4[14]
Turkey10[19]

-FarneseneItaly10.2[5]
Vietnam1.1–12.8[27]
Egypt5.32[15]
China (Cult)12.9[30]

Germacrene DVietnam (Cult)18.3[20]
Italy21.2[5]
Vietnam0.3–18.9[27]
China (Cult)10.9[30]
France15.6[12]

-GuaieneChina (Cult)4.7[20]

LinaloolVietnam0.1–4.2[27]
Iran8.1[14]

Linalool acetateEngland 10.0[22]

MyrceneChina (Cult)5.1[20]
USA-CA4.6[21]
Vietnam0.1–8.5[27]

-PineneUSA-CA11.2[21]
USA-IN16.0[25]
Serbia16.5[10]

(Trans)-PinocarveolFrance10.9[12]
Serbia4.8[10]

SabineneFrance9.4[12]

SpathulenolIran4.97[14]
Iran 4.9[13]

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