Table 3: Tests on the main components of A. annua essential oil.

Artemisia ketone -Pinene1,8-CineoleCamphor Reference -Terpineol Reference
MIC
(mg/mL)
MBC
(mg/mL)
MIC
(mg/mL)
MBC
(mg/mL)
MIC
(mg/mL)
MBC
(mg/mL)
MIC
(mg/mL)
MBC
(mg/mL)
MIC
(%, v/v)
MBC
(%, v/v)

Bacterial strains
 Gram- positive
  S. aureus 0.07–0.150.3–0.6>10>102.5–52.5–52.5–52.5–>10[10]
  Sarcina lutea 2.5101.252.50.61.252.52.5[10]
  B. cereus 0.60.6>10>1020201010[10]
 Gram- negative
  E. coli 1010>10>102020>10>10[10]
  Shigella sp.0.60.6>10>101020>10>10[10]
  S.  enteritidis 0.6100.65510>10>10[10]
  K. pneumoniae 2.52.5>10>10551.255[10]
Fungal strains
C. albicans 1010>10>1052055[10]0.250.5[18]
C. glabrata 0.120.5[18]
C. dubliniensis 0.120.25[18]
C. krusei 0.120.5[18]
C. guillermondii 0.120.25[18]
C. parapsilosis 0.060.5[18]
C. tropicalis 0.50.5[18]
A. fumigatus 2.52.5551.252.52.52.5[10]