Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Amelioration of Diabetes and Painful Diabetic Neuropathy by Punica granatum L. Extract and Its Spray Dried Biopolymeric Dispersions

Figure 5

Effect of gallic acid (GA) and tramadol (TRA) 10 mg/kg, as positive control, on the hot plate and tail withdrawal latencies in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. (a) Hot plate latency: NORM: normal control mice (crossed-triangles, straight line); DIA + VEH: diabetic animals treated with vehicle as control (closed-squares, straight-line); positive control TRA 10 mg/kg: alloxan treated mice with TRA 10 mg/kg (solid-stars, dotted-line); DIA + GA 3 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 3 mg/kg (solid-circles, straight-line); DIA + GA 6 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 6 mg/kg (up-triangles, dashed-line). DIA + Pg 12 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 12 mg/kg (right-triangles, dashed-dotted-line). (b) Tail withdrawal latency: NORM: normal control mice (crossed-triangles, straight line); DIA + VEH: diabetic animals treated with vehicle as control (closed-squares, straight-line); positive control TRA 10 mg/kg: alloxan treated mice with TRA 10 mg/kg (solid-stars, dotted-line); DIA + GA 3 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 3 mg/kg (solid-circles, straight-line); DIA + GA 6 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 6 mg/kg (up-triangles, dashed-line); DIA + GA 12 mg/kg: diabetic animals treated with GA 12 mg/kg (right-triangles, dashed-dotted-line). Data are expressed in mean ± SEM. “ ” means compared with vehicle. “ ” means compared with vehicle.
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