Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Antibiotic Use in Children with Acute Respiratory or Ear Infections: Prospective Observational Comparison of Anthroposophic and Conventional Treatment under Routine Primary Care Conditions

Table 6

Odds ratios for main outcomes.

OutcomeOutcome rate Unadjusted odds ratio (A- vs. C-) Adjusted odds ratio (A- vs. C-)
= 443 = 86 valueOR(95%-CI)OR(95%-CI)

No antibiotics days 0–2842195.0%6474.4%<0.0016.58(3.45–12.56)6.333.1712.64
No analgesics days 0–2842996.8%6474.4%<0.00110.53(5.13–21.63)12.115.5026.69
First improvement ≤24 hours16837.9%1719.8%0.0032.48(1.41–4.36)2.571.404.72
First improvement ≤3 days35880.8%5766.3%0.0192.14(1.29–3.55)1.881.103.23
Response on day 737384.2%5462.3%<0.0013.16(1.90–5.24)3.341.935.79
Response on day 1441794.1%7486.0%0.0202.60(1.26–5.38)2.531.185.44
Recovery on day 715535.0%2630.2%0.4571.24(0.75–2.05)1.190.682.07
Recovery on day 1432272.7%5058.1%0.0101.92(1.19–3.09)1.981.183.32
Very satisfied with treatment*31671.3%3636.0%<0.0013.46(2.15–5.56)4.152.506.86
Choosing this therapy again*43598.2%6575.6%<0.00117.57(7.47–41.31)18.927.6546.81

Main outcomes: outcome rates, unadjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals, and odds ratios after multiple logistic regression analysis, adjusting for gender, age, chief complaint, duration of complaint, complaint episode within last 12 months, baseline symptom score, and concomitant disease present at baseline. Odds ratio >1 indicates better outcome in A-group. *at all available follow-ups.

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