Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

Effects of the Czech Propolis on Sperm Mitochondrial Function

Figure 6

Oxygen consumption rates in the state S3u in permeabilized spermatozoa. Oxygen consumption rates in the state S3u (ETS) in permeabilized spermatozoa measured under control conditions (control) and with propolis extract added (propolis) in the presence of FCCP and substrates providing electrons to complex I, ETF, and complex II. M = malate, G = glutamate, P = pyruvate, Pcar = palmitoylcarnitine, S = succinate, and complex I inhibitor rotenone (Rot). Oxygen fluxes were corrected for residual oxygen consumption and expressed per IU citrate synthase activity. , compared to the respective control value.
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