Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Spiritual Healing in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Exploratory Single Centre, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Three-Arm, Randomised, Sham-Controlled Trial

Table 2

Change in outcomes from baseline after 29 weeks.

Outcome variableActive healingSham healingNo healingANCOVA1
Mean(95% CI)Mean(95% CI)Mean(95% CI) value

Disease activity score (28 joints)−0.525(−0.871; −0.179)0.092(−0.254; 0.438)−0.287(−0.633; 0.059)0.046
Doppler ultrasound (colour fraction: 0-1)−0.036(−0.059; −0.013)−0.012(−0.036; 0.011)−0.023(−0.045; 0.000)0.345

Tender joint count (28 joints)−2.4(−3.8; −0.9)0.2(−1.2; 1.7)−1.2(−2.7; 0.3)0.047
Swollen joint count (28 joints)−2.2(−3.6; −0.8)0.0(−1.4; 1.4)−1.5(−2.9; −0.1)0.097
Patient visual analogue scale (mm)1.8(−4.9; 8.6)5.0(−1.8; 11.7)−4.4(−11.1; 2.3)0.139
C-reactive protein concentration (mg/L)−3.55(−6.87; −0.22)−0.27(−3.61; 3.08)−0.58(−3.90; 2.75)0.316

Health Assessment Questionnaire score (0–3)0.0(−0.1; 0.1)0.1(0.0; 0.2)−0.1(−0.2; 0.0)0.051
Physician visual analogue scale (mm)−3.9(−8.4; 0.6)2.6(−2.0; 7.2)−2.9(−7.3; 1.6)0.101

The analysis of covariance model included the change as the dependent variable, with treatment group being as the main effect and the baseline score as the additional covariate.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.