Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Low Level Laser Therapy for the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Critical Survey

Table 1

Compilation of the Wagner and the Armstrong Ulcer Grade Classification System [5, 6].

Wagner 0Wagner 1Wagner 2Wagner 3Wagner 4Wagner 5

Armstrong APre- or postulcerative lesionsSuperficial ulcer Penetration to tendon, joint capsulePenetration to bone, jointGangrene of digitGangrene of foot requiring disarticulation
Armstrong BWith infectionWith infectionWith infectionWith infectionWith infectionWith infection
Armstrong CWith ischemiaWith ischemiaWith ischemiaWith ischemiaWith ischemiaWith ischemia
Armstrong DWith ischemia and infectionWith ischemia and infectionWith ischemia and infectionWith ischemia and infectionWith ischemia and infectionWith ischemia and infection