Table 2: Reported food uses of the famine food plants.

SpeciesUse as food plant

Abroma augusta L.Leaves are considered edible in Papua New Guinea [24] and seeds in Sikkim, India [25].
Alternanthera sessilis (L.)
R. Br. ex DC.
Leaves are considered as wild edibles in Papua New Guinea [24].
Amaranthus spinosus L.Consumed as leafy vegetable in Assam (India) [26].
Amaranthus tricolor L.Considered an edible vegetable in North India [34].
Amaranthus viridis L.Consumed as leafy vegetable in Assam (India) [26].
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.Fruits and seeds consumed in Malaysia [35].
Bombax ceiba L.Flowers eaten as vegetable in Arunachal Pradesh of India [27].
Caryota urens L.Pith used as famine food in South India [36].
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.Considered a leafy vegetable in Assam (India) [26].
Chenopodium album L.Considered a leafy vegetable in Assam (India) [26].
Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.Considered a leafy vegetable in Assam (India) [26].
Corchorus capsularis L.Leaves are eaten in the cooked form in some Asian countries [37].
Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.)
Tubers are reported as wild edible in the islands of Remote Oceania [38].
Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw.Leaves consumed in Yunnan, China [39].
Ehretia acuminata R. Br.Fruits are eaten raw by aboriginals in Australia [40].
Enhydra fluctuans Lour.Leaves and stems consumed as leafy vegetable by ethnic communities in Tripura, India [41].
Ficus hispida L.Fruits are eaten raw in Arunachal Pradesh of India [27].
Glinus oppositifolius (L.)
A. DC.
Young leaves and stems consumed as vegetable in West Bengal, India [42].
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.Leaves and stems are cooked and consumed in Malaysia [35].
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.Leaves and stems are cooked and consumed in Malaysia [35].
Leucas aspera (Willd.) LinkYoung leaves consumed during famine in Kurigram district, Bangladesh [10].
Malva verticillata L.Young leaves consumed as soup in Korea [43].
Marsilea minuta L.Leaves and stems consumed as vegetable in Jharkand, India [44].
Moringa oleifera Lam.Leaves, fruits, flowers consumed in the cooked form in many countries of South Asia and Africa [45].
Musa paradisiaca L.Fruits consumed in the unripe state in tropical countries [46].
Musa sapientum L.Ripe fruits consumed throughout the world [47].
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.Consumed as vegetable in various parts of India [48].
Nymphaea pubescens  Willd.Roasted endosperm consumed by rural communities in Assam, India [49].
Oxalis corniculata L.Consumed by tribal communities of Central India during times of food scarcity [50].
Raphanus sativus L.Dietary vegetable in Asian countries, particularly China, Japan, and Korea [51].
Saccharum spontaneum L.Stems used to mitigate thirst or hunger by tribes in Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India [52].
Scoparia dulcis L.Consumed as vegetable in northeastern Thailand [53].
Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers.Flowers and buds consumed as vegetable in India [54].
Spilanthes paniculata Wall.
ex DC.
Special food item prepared from the plant during religious festivals by the Mising community
of Assam, India [55].