Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 5

Review Article

Effect of Acupuncture on Heart Rate Variability: A Systematic Review

Table 5

A summary of the effect of acupuncture in HRV outcome measures in various subject groups and by different acupoints.

OutcomesOverall effect, Mean difference
All studiesHealthyNon-healthyAll StudiesHealthyNon-healthy

HF4.69 ( )*1.39 ( )#5.25 ( )*0.08 [0.05, 0.10]*0.07 [−0.03, 0.17]#0.08 [0.05, 0.10]*
LF0.03 ( )0.72 ( )2.04 ( )*0.01 [−0.38, 0.40]0.15 [−0.26, 0.56]−0.98 [−1.93, −0.04]*
LF/HF ratio2.18 ( )*1.26 ( )15.82 ( )*−0.33 [−0.63, −0.03]*−0.26 [−0.66, 0.14]−0.50 [−0.56, −0.44]*
HF norm5.00 ( )*5.00 ( )*0.51 [0.31, 0.70]*0.51 [0.31, 0.70]*NA
LF norm4.03 ( )*4.03 ( )*−0.30 [−0.44, −0.15]*−0.30 [−0.44, −0.15]*NA
LI4 on HF15.82 ( )*0.21 [−0.05, 0.47]
LI4 on LF/HF ratio0.04 ( )−0.01 [−0.29, 0.27]
LI4 on HF norm0.24 ( )1.20 [−8.64, 11.04]
LI4 on LF norm0.36 ( )−1.45 [9.32, 6.41]
PC6 on HF5.47 ( )*5.25 ( )*0.07 [0.05, 0.10]*0.08 [0.05, 0.10]*
PC6 on LF0.57 (0.57)−0.05 [−0.24, 0.13]
PC6 on LF/HF ratio2.23 ( )*15.82 ( )*−0.27 [−0.51, −0.03]*−0.50 [−0.56, −0.44]*
PC6 on HF norm0.20 ( )0.80 [−6.99, 8.58]
PC6 on LF norm0.15 ( )−0.45 [−6.42, 5.52]
ST36 on HF4.47 ( )*3.00 ( )*0.07 [0.04, 0.11]*−99.51 [−164.56, −34.45]*
ST36 on LF0.96 ( )−136.15 [−414.89, 142.59]
ST36 on LF/HF ratio0.61 ( )−0.09 [−0.36, 0.19]

Denoted “significant overall effect” and “significant mean difference”, respectively.
Higgins 2 test is ≤50%; fixed effect is used.

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