Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Trend and Pattern of Herb and Supplement Use in the United States: Results from the 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Surveys

Table 3

Specific types of herb and supplement use among the US adult population in 2007 and 2012.

Herb and supplement use 20072012
Est. %aEst. %a

Taken herbal preparations and dietary supplements, past 30 days (2007, 2012) 28,059,181100.0%30,113,788100.0%

Acai pills or gelcapsnana1,169,9123.9%
Androstenedione57,4020.2%nana
Bee pollen or royal jellynana1,054,8693.5%
Black cohosh827,6752.9%nana
Bladder wrack/kelpnana1,169,9123.9%
Carnitine404,0011.4%nana
Chasteberry127,3910.5%nana
Chondroitin3,389,91112.1%2,815,9299.4%
Coenzyme Q-102,691,4409.6%3,264,65010.8%
Comfrey164,0470.6%nana
Conjugated linolenic acid (CLA)334,3401.2%nana
Cranberry (pills, gelcaps)1,560,3835.6%1,934,1656.4%
Creatine843,3853.0%nana
DHEA645,1792.3%nana
Digestive enzymes (lactaid)nana1,639,0415.4%
Dong quai/don gui tong kueinananana
Echinacea4,848,16317.3%2,261,0407.5%
Ephedra (Ma huang)314,1611.1%nana
Evening primrose555,3032.0%nana
Feverfew146,7230.5%nana
Fiber or psyllium (pills or powder)1,791,1646.4%nana
Fish oil/omega 3/DHA10,922,80138.9%18,848,20462.6%
Flaxseed oil or pills4,416,21615.7%nana
Garlic supplements (pills, gelcaps)3,278,37311.7%1,926,9646.4%
Ginger pills/gelcaps847,6583.0%nana
Ginkgobiloba 2,977,10410.6%1,619,0905.4%
Ginseng3,345,35711.9%1,751,7175.8%
Glucosamine6,132,09421.9%5,521,17318.3%
Goldenseal825,0152.9%nana
Guarana498,2541.8%nana
Grape seed extract1,214,4754.3%nana
Green tea pills (not brewed tea)1,527,7595.4%nana
EGCG (pills)97,3690.3%nana
Green tea pills or EGCG pillnana1,502,6275.0%
Hawthorn307,6451.1%nana
Horny goat weed136,7470.5%nana
Kava kava356,8021.3%nana
Lecithin903,1883.2%nana
Lutein1,046,6293.7%nana
Lycopene821,4682.9%nana
Melatonin1,295,7624.6%3,065,42810.2%
MSM (methylsulfonylmethane)1,311,8244.7%1,050,5023.5%
Milk thistle1,000,7503.6%987,9573.3%
Prebiotics or probiotics865,0923.1%3,857,22812.8%
SAM-e212,2330.8%414,5631.4%
Saw palmetto1,681,6686.0%988,0703.3%
Senna185,6710.7%nana
Soy supplements/isoflavones1,362,5294.9%nana
St. John’s Wort933,0603.3%nana
Valerian877,1073.1%800,9462.7%

Data source: National Center for Health Statistics 2007 and 2012 NHIS Adult Complementary and Alternative Medicine File [21, 22].
aWeighted estimates of column percentage in taken herb and supplement in past 30 days.
na: the names of the herbal preparations and dietary supplements were not listed in the survey questionnaire.